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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended June 26, 2021

Or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to

Commission File Number 000-49602

 

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

77-0118518

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1251 McKay Drive

San Jose, California

 

 

95131

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(408) 904-1100

Registrant's telephone number, including area code

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $.001 per share

 

SYNA

 

The Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes      No  

The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant (22,303,576 shares), based on the closing price of the registrant’s Common Stock as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on December 24, 2020 of $86.15, was $1,921,453,072.  For purposes of this computation, all officers, directors, and 10% beneficial owners of the registrant are deemed to be affiliates.  Such determination should not be deemed to be an admission that such officers, directors, or 10% beneficial owners are, in fact, affiliates of the registrant.

As of August 13, 2021, there were outstanding 38,854,107 shares of the registrant's Common Stock, par value $.001 per share.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant's definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 

 


 

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FISCAL 2021

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

1

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

17

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

29

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

29

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

30

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

30

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

31

ITEM 6.

RESERVED

33

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

33

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

47

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

47

ITEM 9.

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

47

ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

47

ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION

48

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

ITEM 10.

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

49

ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

49

ITEM 12.

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

49

ITEM 13.

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

49

ITEM 14.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

49

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

50

ITEM 16.

FORM 10-K SUMMARY

53

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

54

 

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

F-1

Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 26, 2021 contains forward-looking statements that are subject to the safe harbors created under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and the Securities Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  Forward-looking statements give our current expectations and projections relating to our financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business, including our expectations regarding the potential impacts on our business of the COVID-19 pandemic, and can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Such forward-looking statements may include words such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “plan,” “target,” “strategy,” “continue,” “may,” “will,” “should,” variations of such words, or other words and terms of similar meaning. All forward-looking statements reflect our best judgment and are based on several factors relating to our operations and business environment, all of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the risks as identified in the “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business” sections in this report on Form 10-K, and other risks as identified from time to time in our Securities and Exchange Commission reports. Forward-looking statements are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we do not have, and expressly disclaim, any obligation to publicly release any updates or any changes in our expectations, or any change in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any forward-looking statement is based.  Our actual results and the timing of certain events could differ materially from the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any mergers, acquisitions, or other business combinations that had not been completed as of the date of this filing.

Statements made in this report, unless the context otherwise requires, include the use of the terms “us,” “we,” “our,” the “company” and “Synaptics” to refer to Synaptics Incorporated and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

 


 

PART I

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

Impact of COVID-19

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. In response to the outbreak, governmental authorities implemented numerous containment measures, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, and business restrictions and shutdowns, resulting in rapidly changing market and economic conditions. In certain countries in which we operate, governments took swift and effective measures to stem the spread, while in other countries in which we operate governments were slow to react or missed opportunities to effectively contain the spread. Although some of these restrictions and other containment measures have since been lifted or scaled back, ongoing surges of COVID-19 have resulted in the re-imposition of certain restrictions and containment measures and may lead to other restrictions being re-implemented in the future in response to efforts to reduce the rapid spread of COVID-19 and its variants.

The health and wellbeing of our workforce is our highest priority.  Many of our employees have worked from home since the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a pandemic in order to minimize the potential risk of spread of COVID-19 in our office environment.  As the broad roll out of vaccines continues in various countries in which we operate, many employees have returned to the office environment on a part- or full-time basis.  As more employees return to the office, we will continue to adhere to return to work protocols, based on guidance from local and global health organizations and applicable laws and regulations.

While the severity and duration of business disruption to our customers and suppliers due to the COVID-19 pandemic continues to remain uncertain, we expect that the ongoing global vaccination programs will moderate the overall severity and duration and remain cautiously optimistic the most significant impact has passed.  If more infectious COVID-19 variants become resistant to the existing vaccines, however, we could experience renewed and sustained business disruption.  To date, we have not incurred significant disruptions to our business or a materially negative impact on our condensed consolidated results of operations and financial condition from the COVID-19 outbreak, and continue to believe our business will not be severely impacted as steps continue to be taken globally to mitigate the spread, vaccinate large portions of the population and achieve herd immunity.

We will continue to evaluate the nature and scope of the impact to our business, consolidated results of operations, and financial condition and may take further actions altering our business operations and managing our costs and liquidity that we deem necessary or appropriate to respond to this fast moving and uncertain global health crisis and the resulting global economic consequences.

Overview

We are a leading worldwide developer and supplier of custom-designed semiconductor solutions that is changing the way humans engage with connected devices and data, engineering exceptional experiences throughout the home, at work, in the car and on the go.  Our current served markets include Internet of Things, or IoT, personal computer, or PC, and Mobile.  We deliver complete chip, firmware and software semiconductor solutions that include connectivity products, audio input and output System-On-Chips, or SoCs, high-definition video and vision SoCs, SoCs with artificial intelligence capabilities, touch controllers, touchpads, display drivers and fingerprint biometric sensors.

We are a market leader in providing premium mixed signal semiconductor solutions to our target markets. Our original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, customers include many of the world’s largest OEMs for smart home devices, automotive solutions, notebook computers and peripherals, smartphones and tablets, and many large OEMs for audio and video products.  We generally supply our product solutions to our OEM customers through their contract manufacturers, which take delivery of our products and pay us directly for such products.

Our website is located at www.synaptics.com.  Through our website, we make available, free of charge, all our Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, filings, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, our proxy statements, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and our current reports on Form 8-K, as well as Form 3, Form 4, and Form 5 Reports for our directors, officers, and principal stockholders, together with amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Sections 13(a), 15(d), or 16 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act.  These reports are available on our website promptly after their electronic filing with the SEC.  You can also read these SEC filings and reports over the Internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.  Our website also includes corporate governance information, including our Code of Conduct, our Code of Ethics for the Chief Executive Officer and Senior Financial Officers, and our Board Committee Charters.  The contents of our website are not incorporated into or deemed to be a part of this report.

1


We were initially incorporated in California in 1986 and were re-incorporated in Delaware in 2002.  Our fiscal year is the 52- or 53-week period ending on the last Saturday in June.  The fiscal years presented in this report were the 52-week periods ended June 26, 2021, and June 27, 2020, and the 53-week period ended June 29, 2019.  

IoT Applications Market

Our IoT market solutions broadly consist of wireless connectivity (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and global positioning system, or GPS) products, SoC products, display and touch integrated circuits for use in automobiles, and a wide range of audio and video products and solutions. Our SoC products are used in human experience solutions for enabling smart devices at the edge.  We enable products that power smart assistant speakers, over-the-top multimedia devices, wireless speakers, voice driven intelligent devices including those integrating far-field technology, personal voice and audio products, set top boxes, video interface solutions for docking stations, high-speed connectivity for virtual reality devices, video surveillance, SoCs and imaging solutions for use in printers and fax/modems.  In addition, our automotive solutions include over a decade of mass production experience in mature touch solutions and display drivers adapted from our mobile consumer business to meet automotive-grade quality standards. Net revenue for our IoT product solutions accounted for approximately 43%, 24%, and 21% of our net revenue for fiscal 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Within the fast-growing consumer IoT market, we continue to expand our footprint in various devices by bringing converged video, vision, audio, and voice technologies coupled with artificial intelligence and wireless connectivity capabilities. Our deep investment in far-field voice technology, our intellectual property portfolio for video, vision, audio and security, and our significant experience enabling Android-based platforms for service providers, coupled with our focus on enabling high performance, low power, and highly secure SoC solutions enable us to effectively serve our existing customers and position us to grow within the addressable market of consumer IoT devices.   

PC Product Applications Market

We provide custom product solutions for navigation, cursor control, and access to devices or applications through fingerprint authentication, for many of the world’s premier PC OEMs.  These functions are offered as both stand-alone and integrated touch pads plus fingerprint recognition solutions.  In addition to notebook applications, other PC product applications for our technology include peripherals, such as high-end keyboards and accessory touchpads.  Net revenue for our product solutions for PC product applications accounted for approximately 27%, 24%, and 18% of our net revenue for fiscal 2021, 2020, and 2019, respectively.

We continue to expand our available product offerings through technology development enabling us to increase our product content within each notebook unit.  We are also applying our technologies to enable adoption of fingerprint recognition solutions to broaden our market opportunities. Based on the strength of our technology and engineering know-how, we believe we are well positioned to continue to take advantage of opportunities in the PC product applications market.

Mobile Product Applications Markets

We believe our intellectual property portfolio, engineering know-how, systems engineering experience, technological expertise, and experience in providing human experience product solutions to major OEMs of electronic devices position us to be a key technological enabler for multiple consumer electronic devices targeted to meet the mobile product applications markets.  Mobile product applications include smartphones, augmented reality and virtual reality devices, tablets, large touchscreen applications, as well as a variety of mobile, handheld, and entertainment devices.  Our array of product solutions for mobile product applications are designed to enrich the interface on smartphones, tablets, and peripherals, and enable the owner to view the screen on these devices and to more seamlessly interact with the content on these devices.  We believe our existing technologies, our range of product solutions, and our emphasis on ease of use, advanced functionality, small size, low power consumption, durability, and reliability enable us to serve multiple aspects of the markets for mobile product applications and other electronic devices.

Net revenue for our mobile product applications accounted for approximately 30%, 52%, and 61% of our net revenue for fiscal 2021, 2020, and 2019, respectively.  Our ongoing success in serving these markets will depend upon our ability to demonstrate to OEMs the advantages of our product solutions in terms of performance, usability, size, simplified security, durability, power consumption, integration, and industrial design possibilities; and the success of products utilizing our product solutions.  

The virtual reality, or VR, augmented reality, or AR, and mixed reality markets represent growth opportunities for our differentiated display driver products.  The AR/VR market is expected to continue to grow, with many large OEMs

2


developing new products and applications.  Our high-performance, low power display driver technology is well-suited to the demands of the AR/VR market.

Acquisitions

DisplayLink

On July 17, 2020, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire all of the equity interests in DisplayLink Corporation, or DisplayLink, a leader in high-performance video compression technology. The acquisition closed on July 31, 2020. As of March 27, 2021, our purchase consideration was $444.0 million. The results of DisplayLink are included in our consolidated financial statements for the period from August 1, 2020 through June 26, 2021.  For further discussion of the DisplayLink acquisition, see Note 4 Acquisitions, Divestiture and Investment included in the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Broadcom

On July 2, 2020, we entered into definitive agreements with Broadcom to acquire certain assets and assume certain liabilities of, and obtain non-exclusive licenses relating to, Broadcom’s existing Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and GPS/global navigation satellite system, or GNSS, products and business in the IoT market, or the Broadcom Business Acquisition, for an aggregate consideration of $250.0 million in cash that closed on July 23, 2020.  We also entered into certain transition agreements with Broadcom for a period of three years. The results of the Broadcom Business Acquisition are included in our condensed consolidated financial statements for the period from July 24, 2020 through June 26, 2021.  For further discussion of the Broadcom Business Acquisition, see Note 4 Acquisitions, Divestiture and Investment included in the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Divestitures

In December 2020, we completed the sale of limited audio technology intangible assets, received a fully-paid up perpetual license back from the buyer and, as an element of the transaction, licensed other audio technology intangible assets to the buyer under a fully-paid up perpetual license arrangement.  Under the asset purchase agreement and the intellectual property license agreement, we received $35.0 million in cash.  The gain on the sale of the audio technology assets was $34.2 million.

In December 2019, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with a third-party to sell the assets of our liquid-crystal display, or LCD, Touch Controller and Display Driver Integration, or TDDI, product line for LCD mobile displays. We retained our automotive TDDI product line and our discrete touch and discrete display driver product lines supporting LCD and organic light-emitting diode, or OLED, for the mobile market. The assets sold under the asset purchase agreement for cash consideration of $138.7 million and had a carrying value of approximately $33.6 million as of the closing date of the transaction in April 2020.  The gain on sale of this portion of a product line was $105.1 million.

Investment

In December 2020, we invested $5.0 million in Eta Compute in exchange for preferred stock.  This investment provides us with a partnership that enables us to better address expanded industry opportunities for artificial intelligence applications.  The investment is accounted for under the cost method.

Our Strategy

Our objective is to continue to enhance our position as a leading supplier of premium semiconductor product solutions for each of the target markets in which we operate, including the IoT applications market, the PC product applications market, and the mobile product applications markets, with a key focus on expanding our market share.  Key aspects of our strategy to achieve this objective include those set forth below.

Extend Our Technological Leadership

We plan to utilize our extensive intellectual property portfolio, engineering know-how, and technological expertise to extend the functionality of our current product solutions and offer new and innovative product solutions to customers across multiple markets.  We intend to continue utilizing our technological expertise to reduce the overall size, cost, and power

3


consumption of our product solutions while increasing their applications, capabilities, and performance.  We plan to continue enhancing the ease of use and functionality of our solutions.  We plan to invest in our research and development efforts through our engineering activities, including advancement of existing technologies, the hiring of key engineering personnel, and strategic acquisitions and alliances.  We believe that these efforts will enable us to meet customer expectations and achieve our goal of supplying, on a timely and cost-effective basis, easy to use, functional human experience semiconductor product solutions to our target markets.

Focus on and Grow in the IoT Market

We intend to capitalize on the growth of the IoT market including solutions for smart home and home automation, video delivery over wired and wireless, voice enabled assistants, virtual reality, video interface docking, and wearables.  We intend to build upon our existing innovative and intuitive and intelligent semiconductor product solutions portfolio and continue to address the evolving portability, connectivity, security, and functionality requirements of these new markets.  We will offer our solutions to existing and potential customers to enable increased functionality, reduced size, lower cost, simplified security, enhanced industrial design features, and to enhance the user experience of our OEMs’ products.  We plan to utilize our existing technologies as well as aggressively pursue new technologies as new markets evolve that demand new solutions.

Enhance Our Position in the PC Product, Smartphone, and Tablet Application Markets

We intend to continue introducing market-leading human experience product solutions in terms of performance, power consumption, functionality, size, and ease of use for the PC product, smartphone, and tablet applications markets.  We plan to continue enhancing our customers’ industrial design options and device functionality through innovative product development, in order to enhance and grow our position within our target markets. As the high-end market for smartphones continues the shift to OLED solutions, we intend to deliver further enhancements to our products to support that market.

Emphasize and Expand Customer Relationships

We intend to emphasize and expand our strong and long-standing customer relationships and seek to build and establish successful relationships with new customers.  In each market we serve, we plan to provide the most advanced human experience product solutions for our customers.  We believe that our human experience product solutions enable our customers to deliver a positive user experience and to differentiate their products from those of their competitors.  We continually strive to enhance the competitive position of our customers by providing them with innovative, distinctive, and high-quality solutions on a timely and cost-effective basis.  To do so, we work continually to improve our productivity, reduce costs, and increase the speed of delivery of our product solutions.  We focus on providing timely pre- and post-sales support to our customers, assisting with their efforts to develop, integrate, and manufacture their products with our solutions.

We plan to offer IoT voice, audio, and video solutions, wireless connectivity solutions, touch and display driver solutions, and fingerprint sensor solutions, as well as design tools, technical support and documentation to assist in the development of human experience designs in products such as PC peripherals, digital entertainment devices, smartphones, notebooks, and other applications.  We offer our customers a choice of our chip solutions or our custom module solutions.  Our chip solution consists of our proprietary integrated circuit, firmware, and software, including customer-specific firmware and software, while our custom module solution enables customers to utilize our proprietary integrated circuit together with third-party components and assembly.  

Pursue Strategic Relationships and Acquisitions

We intend to develop and expand our strategic relationships to enhance our ability to offer value-added semiconductor product solutions to our customers, penetrate new markets, and strengthen the technological leadership of our product solutions.  We also intend to evaluate the potential acquisitions of companies and assets in order to expand our technological expertise and to establish or strengthen our presence in selected target markets.  

Fabless Semiconductor Manufacturing

We plan to selectively partner with foundries and backend processors to solidify our longstanding key supply chain relationships.  This strategy results in a scalable business model, enables us to concentrate on our core competencies of research and development and product design and engineering, and reduces our capital expenditures and working capital requirements.  Our fabless semiconductor manufacturing strategy allows us to maintain a variable cost model, in which we do not incur most of our manufacturing costs until our product solutions have been shipped and invoiced to our customers.

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Competitive Advantages

We develop advanced human experience technologies that enrich the users’ experience in interacting and engaging with their computing, communications, and entertainment devices.  We engage with our customers in the design of their custom products and offer product solutions ranging from chips, which may include customer-specific firmware, to full module solutions. Our innovative and intuitive human experience product solutions are engineered to accommodate diverse platforms, and our expertise in device interfaces and usability help improve the features and functionality of our solutions.  Our extensive array of technologies includes chips, firmware, software, mechanical and electrical designs, artificial intelligence, or AI, and algorithm-based pattern recognition, multi-finger touch-sensing technologies, advanced noise mitigation technologies, display driver technologies, image, voice, and multimedia processing.

Our products are custom-engineered, total solutions including sensor design, module layout, application specific integrated circuits, or ASICs, firmware, and software features for which we provide design, manufacturing, and testing support. This allows us to be a one-stop supplier for complete human experience design from concept prototyping, to product development, manufacturing, testing and support.  Through our engineering know-how and technological expertise, we provide our customers with solutions that address their individual design requirements and result in high-performance, feature-rich, and reliable interface solutions.  We believe our solutions offer the following characteristics:

 

Advanced Functionality.  Our solutions offer advanced features, such as voice barge-in, ambient noise cancellation, and video noise reduction to enhance the user experience, high-performance multimedia encode/decode for high resolution video processing and transport, security and AI algorithms embedded, face detect, force sensing, 240Hz touch report rate, and 144Hz display refresh technology for mobile applications.

 

Low Power Consumption.  The low power consumption of our solutions enables our customers to offer products with longer battery life and/or smaller battery capacity.

 

Small Size.  The small, thin size of our solutions and reduced number of external components enables our customers to reduce the overall size and weight of their products in order to satisfy consumer demand for portability.

 

Ease of Use.  Our solutions offer the ease of use and intuitive interaction that users demand.

 

Reliability.  The reliability of our solutions satisfies consumer requirements for dependability, which is a major component of consumer satisfaction.

 

Durability.  Our solutions withstand repeated use, harsh physical treatment, and temperature fluctuations while providing an enduring, superior level of performance.

 

Simplified Security.  Our fingerprint authentication solutions protect the user’s identity, while simplifying the user experience for electronic devices.

We believe these characteristics will enable us to continue enhancing our position as a technological enabler within our target markets.

Products

Our family of product solutions allows our customers to solve their interface needs and differentiate their products from those of their competitors.

Ultra-Low Power Edge AI

Our ultra-low power edge AI platform includes a highly integrated edge AI SOC designed for battery powered wireless devices equipped with audio or camera capabilities for consumer and industrial IoT applications.  These solutions are designed for a wide range of power constrained IoT applications used in office buildings, retail, factories, warehouses, robotics, and smart homes and cities.

Wireless Connectivity

Our wireless connectivity solutions include state-of-the-art Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS, and GNSS, to address broad IoT market applications including home automation, multimedia streamers, security cameras, wireless speakers, games, drones, printers, wearable and fitness devices, in addition to numerous other applications which require a wireless connection.

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AudioSmart®

AudioSmart products bring forward optimum analog, mixed-signal and digital signal processor, or DSP, technologies for high-fidelity voice and audio processing. Our AudioSmart products include far-field voice technologies that enable accurate voice command recognition from a distance while disregarding other sounds, such as music, in order to activate smart devices such as smart speakers. AudioSmart also includes personal voice and audio solutions for high-performance headsets that enable active noise cancellation.

ConnectSmart

Our ConnectSmart video interface IC portfolio offers a full range of high-speed video/audio/data connectivity solutions that are designed for linking CPUs/GPUs and various endpoints for applications including PC docking stations, travel docks, dongles, protocol converters and virtual reality head mounted displays.

DisplayLink®

Our DisplayLink products utilize highly efficient video encode/decode algorithms to deliver a semiconductor-based solution which transmits compressed video frames across low bandwidth connections. These solutions are used in PC docking applications, conference room video display systems, and video casting applications.

VideoSmart™

Our VideoSmart series SoCs include CPUs running at up to 40K Dhrystone Million Instructions per Second, gaming-grade Graphics Processing Unit, or GPUs, voice, and neural network processing units, or NPU.  These powerful solutions combine a central processing unit, or CPU, NPU, and GPU, into a single software-enriched SoC. They enable smart multimedia devices including set-top boxes, or STB, over-the-top, or OTT, streaming devices, soundbars, surveillance cameras and smart displays.

ImagingSmart

Our ImagingSmart solutions include a product portfolio that spans four distinct product areas including document and photo imaging controllers, digital video, fax, and modem solutions. ImagingSmart products leverage image processing IP, JPEG encoders and DSP technology to deliver a wide range of fax, modem, digital video and printer solutions for home, mobile and imaging applications.

Natural ID®

Our Natural ID family of capacitive-based fingerprint ID products is designed for use in automobiles, notebook PCs, PC peripherals, and other applications.  Thin form factors provide industrial design flexibility, while robust matching algorithms and anti-spoofing technology provide strong security.  Our Natural ID family of products spans a range of form factors, colors, and materials suitable for design on the front, back or side of a device.  

Natural ID products are designed to be compatible with Fast IDentity Online, or FIDO, protocols, enhancing security and interoperability with a broad range of solutions.  FIDO was formed to enhance online authentication by developing open, scalable technical standards to help facilitate the adoption of robust, easy to use authentication that reduces the reliance on passwords.  Natural ID products increase the security of automobile and PC products while maintaining ease of use for the customer.

TouchPadTM

Our TouchPad family of products, which can take the place of, and exceed the functionality of a mouse, consists of a touch-sensitive pad that senses the position and movement of one or more fingers on its surface through the measurement of capacitance.  Our TouchPad provides an accurate, comfortable, and reliable method for screen navigation, cursor movement, and gestures, and provides a platform for interactive input for both the consumer and corporate markets.  Our TouchPad solutions allow our OEMs to provide stylish, simple, user-friendly, and intuitive solutions to consumers.  Our TouchPad solutions also offer various advanced features, including scrolling, customizable tap zones, tapping and dragging of icons, and device interaction.

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SecurePadTM

Our SecurePad integrates our Natural ID fingerprint sensor directly into the TouchPad area, improving usability and simplifying the supply chain for notebook PC manufacturers.

ClickPadTM

Our ClickPad introduces a clickable mechanical design to the TouchPad solution, eliminating the need for physical buttons. The button-less design of our ClickPad allows for unique, intuitive industrial design and makes an excellent alternative to conventional input and navigation devices.  Our ClickPad is activated by pressing down on the internal tact switch to perform left-button or right-button clicks and provides tactile feedback similar to pressing a physical button.  The latest version of ClickPad features ClickEQTM, a mechanical solution that provides uniform click depth to maximize the surface area available for gestures and improves click performance over hinged designs.

ForcePad®

Our ForcePad is a thinner version of our ClickPad, which introduces a new dimension in control through the addition of variable force sensitivity.  ForcePad is designed to provide consistent performance across OEM models through its design intelligence and self-calibration features.  By detecting the amount of force applied, ForcePad is engineered to enable more intuitive and precise user interactions in operating system controls and applications.  Designed with thin and light notebooks in mind, ForcePad is 40% thinner than a conventional touch pad.  

ClearPad®

Our ClearPad family of products enables the user to interact directly with the display on electronic devices, such as mobile smartphones, tablets, and automobiles.  Our ClearPad has distinct advantages, including low-profile form factor; high reliability, durability, and accuracy; and low power consumption.  We typically sell our ClearPad solution as a chip, together with customer-specific firmware, to sensor manufacturers, OLED manufacturers or LCD manufacturers, to integrate into their touch-enabled products.  

ClearViewTM

Our ClearView display driver products offer advanced image processing and low power technology for displays on electronic devices, including smartphones and tablets. ClearView products include adaptive image processing that works in concert with proprietary customization options to enable development of efficient and cost-effective high-performance solutions and faster time to market.  Our display driver products offer automatic regional control of color balance that optimizes light and dark areas of an image simultaneously, and sunlight readability enhancement capabilities that optimize image quality under various lighting conditions.  Our virtual reality bridge and virtual reality display driver integrated circuit, or DDIC, chips enable our customers to move to higher resolution displays that solve the “screen door” effect caused by lower resolution displays.

TouchViewTM

Our TouchView solutions include our TDDI products that combine two chips, a touch controller, and a display driver, into a single chip that incorporates all the features of our ClearView and ClearPad products.  TouchView products enable thinner form factors to help customers minimize component count and add flexibility to their industrial designs.  These products are used in large screen devices, including notebooks and tablets, and are also certified for automotive display applications.

Other Products

Other product solutions we offer include Dual Pointing Solutions, and TouchStykTM.  Our dual pointing solutions offer TouchPad with a pointing stick in a single notebook computer, enabling users to select their interface of choice.  TouchStyk is a self-contained pointing stick module that uses capacitive technology similar to that used in our TouchPad.  

Technologies

We have developed and own an extensive array of technologies, encompassing ASICs, firmware, software, mechanical and electrical designs, display systems, pattern recognition, touch-sensing technologies, fingerprint sensing, voice, audio,

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imaging, modem, and multimedia technologies.  We continue to develop technology in these areas.  We believe these technologies and the related intellectual property rights create barriers for competitors and allow us to provide high-value human experience semiconductor product solutions in a variety of high-growth markets.

Our broad line of semiconductor product solutions is currently based upon the following key technologies:

 

Proprietary microcontroller technology;

 

Proprietary vector co-processor technology;

 

Multimedia processing technology;

 

Voice and audio technology;

 

Pattern recognition technology;

 

Deep learning and neural network inferencing technology.

 

Mixed-signal integrated circuit technology;

 

Wireless connectivity technology;

 

Video interface and compression technology;

 

Imaging and modem technology;

 

Capacitive position and force sensing technology;

 

Capacitive active pen technology;

 

Multi-touch technology; and

 

Display systems and circuit technology.

In addition to these technologies, we develop firmware and device driver software that we incorporate into our products, which provide unique and advanced features.  In addition, our ability to integrate all our products to interface with major operating systems provides us with a competitive advantage.

Proprietary Microcontroller Technology.  One example of our microcontroller technology is our proprietary 16-bit microcontroller core that is embedded in the digital portion of our capacitive touch mixed signal ASICs, which is allowing us to optimize our ASICs for position sensing tasks.  Our embedded microcontroller provides great flexibility in customizing our products via firmware, which eliminates the need to design new circuitry for each new application.

Proprietary Vector Co-Processor Technology.  Our vector co-processor technology is designed for use in our ASICs, accompanying either one of our own proprietary microcontroller cores or a commercially available one.  The co-processor boosts an ASIC’s computational performance by efficiently processing vectors of data for a range of mathematical operations.  This allows us to implement more computationally intensive algorithms within our firmware.

Multimedia Processing Technology.  This technology allows us to create multimedia SoC products for set-top boxes, soundbars, digital personal assistants, smart displays, virtual reality, OTT, audio, and video.  Our video processing technology includes hardware and algorithms to reduce analog and digital noise, convert to different video formats, and enhance color and contrast.  Our products include security and secure encrypt/decrypt technology, including secure boot and hardware root of trust.

Voice and Audio Technology.  This technology allows us to develop human experience and communication products based on voice and audio interaction.  The technology embodies a broad range of analog and mixed signal circuits expertise and audio signal processing algorithms, including:

 

Noise suppression;

 

Acoustic echo cancellation;

 

Active noise cancellation;

 

Trigger word detection;

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Mid-field and far-field voice processing;

 

Audio digital signal processor architecture;

 

Audio codecs;

 

Audio post processing;

 

High performance audio analog-to-digital converters, or ADCs, and digital-to-analog converters, or DACs;

 

Audio amplifiers;

 

Low power audio processing;

 

Speaker protection; and

 

Product acoustic design.

Pattern Recognition Technology.  This technology is a set of software algorithms and techniques for converting real world data, such as gestures and handwriting, into a digital form that can be recognized and manipulated within a computer.  Our technology provides reliable gesture decoding and handwriting recognition and can be used in other applications such as signature verification for a richer user experience.

Deep Learning and Neural Network Inferencing Technology.  This technology allows us to create and train deep neural networks for audio, image processing, video processing and computer vision functions.  Some of our products contain hardware designed to evaluate deep neural networks securely and with low latency.  We also have technology that allows us to compress our trained neural networks for more efficient AI-at-the-edge on our hardware.  These neural network algorithms improve the quality of the sensed data (for example, reduce the noise, or increase the resolution) as well as interpret the sensed data.

Mixed-Signal Integrated Circuit Technology.  This hybrid analog-digital integrated circuit technology combines the power of digital computation with the ability to interface with non-digital, real-world signals, such as the position of a finger or stylus on a surface.  Our patented design techniques permit us to utilize this technology to optimize our core ASIC engine for all our products.  Our mixed-signal technology consists of a broad portfolio of circuit expertise in areas such as the following:

 

High-speed serial interfaces;

 

Analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters;

 

Electromagnetic emissions suppression and susceptibility hardening;

 

Very Large Scale Integrated, or VLSI, digital circuits with multiple clock and power domains;

 

Communications and signal processing circuits;

 

Power management (switching converters, charge pumps, and LDOs);

 

Precision capacitance measurement;

 

Display timing controllers, or TCONs.

Wireless Technology.  Our wireless connectivity solutions include discrete and integrated Wi-Fi and Bluetooth solutions, and satellite-based GPS/GNSS mobile navigation receivers. Wi-Fi allows devices on a local area network to communicate wirelessly, adding the convenience of mobility to the utility of high-speed data networks. We offer a family of high performance, low power Wi-Fi chipsets. We offer products which incorporate the latest Wi-Fi standards such as 802.11AX, which is known as Wifi-6. Bluetooth is a low power technology that enables direct connectivity between devices. We offer a family of Bluetooth silicon and software solutions that enable customers to easily and cost-effectively add Bluetooth functionality to virtually any device. These solutions include combination chips that offer integrated Wi-Fi and Bluetooth functionality, which provides significant performance advantages over discrete solutions.  

We also offer a family of GPS and GNSS semiconductor products, software, and data services. These products are part of a broad location platform that enable customer devices to wirelessly communicate and receive precise location and navigational data from satellite constellations for use in various location services applications.

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Video Compression Technology.  Our video interface solutions include our ConnectSmart and DisplayLink portfolios, offering a full range of interface solutions that connect devices to external displays and support the latest versions of the most widely used protocols, connectors, and operating systems. Our flexible product lines for connecting devices combine high-performance interface with low power consumption and are designed for both commercial and consumer end-products. Our solutions have been broadly adopted by the top OEMs and original device manufacturers, or ODMs, to enable video expansion and protocol conversion, leverage high-end features, and deliver the bandwidth needed to drive multiple high-resolution external displays simultaneously.

Imaging and Modem Technology.  This technology allows us to create a family of SoC integrated circuits and software for printers, video cameras, fax machines and modems.  Key functional blocks include:

 

Image processing hardware accelerators;

 

Printer imaging pipeline;

 

Inkjet, laser, and thermal print engine and motor control;

 

Scan/camera and peripheral control; and

 

Data and fax modem hardware and firmware.

Capacitive Fingerprint Sensing Technology.  Our fingerprint sensing technology simplifies the system or application authentication process by substituting the user’s fingerprint for the login name and password. Our capacitive fingerprint sensing technology provides for fingerprint authentication by scanning and matching an image of a user’s fingerprint, as well as initial fingerprint enrollment.  Our sensing technology also incorporates spoof detection and includes many implementation choices including the back of the phone or PC, button integration, touchpad integration, and under glass.

Capacitive Position and Force Sensing Technology.  Our Position Sensing technology provides a method for sensing the presence, position, and contact area of one or more fingers or a stylus on a flat or curved surface.  Our technology works with very light touch, supports full multi-touch capabilities, and provides highly responsive cursor navigation, scrolling, and selection.  It uses no moving parts, can be implemented under plastic or glass, and is extremely durable.  Our technology can also track one or more fingers in proximity to the touch surface. Our Force Sensing technology senses the direction and magnitude of a force applied to an object.  The object can either move when force is applied, like a typical joystick used for gaming applications, or it can be isometric, with no perceptible motion during use, like our TouchStyk, ForcePad, or ClearForce.  The primary competition for this technology is resistive strain gauge technology.  Our electronic circuitry determines the magnitude and direction of an applied force, permits very accurate sensing of tiny changes in capacitance, and minimizes electrical interference from other sources.  Our capacitive force sensing technology can be integrated with our position sensing technology.

Capacitive Active Pen Technology.  This technology allows us to develop a pen that can be used for input on a capacitive touchscreen.  As well as generating a signal that allows the touchscreen to track the pen, additional data, such as the pen applied force and pen button states, are also communicated to the touchscreen device.  Information can also be communicated from the touchscreen to the pen.

Multi-touch Technology.  This technology allows us to create capacitive touch products that simultaneously track the presence, position, and other characteristics of multiple objects in contact with or in close proximity to a flat or curved touch surface.  It enables, for example, the recognition of multi-finger gestures, the tracking of a stylus position while the user’s palm is also in contact with the touch surface, and the simultaneous interaction of multiple users with the same touch surface.

Display Systems and Circuit Technology.  This technology enables us to develop optimized human experience semiconductor product solutions with improved compatibility with their application environments. This technology consists of mobile and large format display semiconductor expertise, including the following functional blocks:

 

TCONs;

 

Thin-Film-Transistor, or TFT, gamma references;

 

Smooth dimming and content adaptive brightness control;

 

Contrast enhancement;

 

Color enhancement;

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Gamma curve control;

 

Force, touch, and display synchronization;

 

Local area active contrast optimization;

 

Adaptive image compression and decompression;

 

Sub-pixel rendering;

 

Demura compensation;

 

Rounded corner processing;

 

Frame rate control;

 

High-speed serial interfaces such as mobile industry processor interface display serial interface, or MIPI DSI, and Qualcomm mobile display digital interface, or MDDI; and

 

Display power circuits such as inductive switchers, charge pumps, and LDOs.

This technology also enables us to develop advanced products that combine the functions of the display and touch sensing systems to enable highly integrated display and touch functionality with improved performance, thinner form factors, and lower system cost.

Our latest addition to our automotive portfolio is an automotive-grade TDDI for indium gallium zinc oxide and amorphous silicon gate-in-panel displays and low-temperature polycrystalline panels up to 4K resolution.

Research and Development

We conduct ongoing research and development programs that focus on advancing our existing interface technologies, improving our current product solutions, developing new products, improving design and manufacturing processes, enhancing the quality and performance of our product solutions, and expanding our technologies to serve new markets.  Our goal is to provide our customers with innovative solutions that address their needs and improve their competitive positions.  

Our research and development programs focus on the development of accurate, easy to use, reliable, and intuitive human experiences for electronic devices.  We believe our innovative interface technologies can be applied to many diverse products, and we believe the interface is a key factor in the differentiation of these products.  AI-at-the-edge is a focus area for us in enabling better performance and enhancing user experience in many of these products.  We believe that our interface technologies enable us to provide customers with product solutions that have significant advantages over alternative technologies in terms of functionality, size, power consumption, durability, and reliability.  We also intend to pursue strategic relationships and acquisitions to enhance our research and development capabilities, leverage our technology, and shorten our time to market with new technological applications.

Our research, design, and engineering teams frequently work directly with our customers to design custom solutions for specific applications.  We focus on enabling our customers to overcome their technical barriers and enhance the performance of their products.  We believe our engineering know-how and electronic systems expertise provide significant benefits to our customers by enabling them to concentrate on their core competencies of production and marketing.

As of the end of fiscal 2021, we employed 1,085 people in our technology, engineering, and product design functions in the United States, or the U.S., China, Taiwan, Japan, the United Kingdom, or the U.K., India, Poland, Korea, and Hong Kong.  Our research and development expenses were $313.4 million, $302.5 million, and $342.7 million for fiscal 2021, 2020, and 2019, respectively.

Intellectual Property Rights

Our success and ability to compete depend in part on our ability to maintain the proprietary aspects of our technologies and products.  We rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, trade secrets, copyrights, confidentiality agreements, and other statutory and contractual provisions to protect our intellectual property, but these measures may provide only limited protection.  

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As of June 26, 2021, we held 2,095 active patents and 708 pending patent applications worldwide that expire between 2021 and 2042.  Collectively, these patents and patent applications cover various aspects of our key technologies, including those for touch sensing, voice processing, secure biometrics, display drivers, touch and display integration, docks and adapters, video interfaces, WiFi, Bluetooth, GPS, audio processing, video processing, edge computing, open AI tools, and computer vision.  Our proprietary firmware and software, including source code, are also protected by copyright laws and applicable trade secret laws.  

Our extensive array of technologies include those related to ICs, firmware, software, and mechanical hardware.  Our products rely on a combination of these technologies, making it difficult to use any single technology as the basis for replicating our products.  Furthermore, the lengths of our customers’ design cycles and the customizations required within the products we provide to our customers also serve to protect our intellectual property rights.

Customers

Our customers include many of the world’s largest mobile and PC OEMs, based on unit shipments, as well as many large IoT OEMs, automotive manufacturers and a variety of consumer electronics manufacturers.  Our demonstrated track record of technological leadership, design innovation, product performance, cost-effectiveness, and on-time deliveries have resulted in our leadership position in providing human experience semiconductor product solutions.  We believe our strong relationship with our OEM customers, many of which are also currently developing product solutions which are focused in several of our target markets, will continue to position us as a source of supply for their product offerings.

Our leading OEM customers in fiscal 2021 included the following:

 

Acer

Microsoft

Ampak

Oculus

Bouygues Telecom

Oppo Mobile

Dell

Poly

Ford

Samsung

Fujitsu

Sony

Google

Targus

Goodway

Technicolor

Hewlett-Packard

Toshiba

Honor

Toyota Motor

Huawei

Vivo

Lenovo

Winstar

Logitech

Xiaomi

We generally supply custom-designed products to OEMs through their contract manufacturers, supply chain or distributors.  

We consider both the OEMs and their contract manufacturers or supply chain partners to be our customers, as well as in some cases, our distributors.  Both the OEMs and their partners may determine the design and pricing requirements and make the overall decision regarding the use of our human experience semiconductor product solutions in their products.  The contract manufacturers and distributors place orders with us for the purchase of our products, take title to the products purchased upon delivery by us, and pay us directly for those purchases.  The majority of these customers do not have return rights except for warranty provisions.

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Sales and Marketing

We sell our product solutions for incorporation into the products of our OEM customers.  We generate sales through direct sales employees as well as outside sales representatives, distributors and value-added resellers.  Our sales personnel receive substantial technical assistance and support from our internal technical marketing and engineering resources because of the highly technical nature of our product solutions.  Sales frequently result from multi-level sales efforts that involve senior management, design engineers, and our sales personnel interacting with our customers' decision makers throughout the product development and order process.

As of the end of fiscal 2021, we employed 189 sales and marketing professionals.  We maintain customer support offices domestically and internationally, which are located in the U.S., Taiwan, China, India, Korea, Japan, and Europe.  In addition, we utilize value-added resellers and sales distributors that are primarily located in the U.S., China, Korea and Taiwan.

International sales constituted over 98% of our revenue for each of fiscal 2021, 2020, and 2019. Approximately 68%, 78%, and 78% of our sales in fiscal 2021, 2020, and 2019, respectively, were made to companies located in China, Japan, and South Korea that provide design and manufacturing services for major notebook computer and mobile product applications OEMs.  Our sales are almost exclusively denominated in U.S. dollars.  This information should be read in conjunction with Note 12 Segment, Customers, and Geographic Information to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Manufacturing

We employ a fabless semiconductor manufacturing platform through third-party relationships.  We currently utilize third-party semiconductor wafer manufacturers to supply us with silicon wafers integrating our proprietary design specifications.  The completed silicon wafers are forwarded to third-party package and test processors for further processing into die and packaged ASICs, as applicable, which are then utilized in our custom interface products or processed as our ASIC-based solution.

After processing and testing, the die and ASICs are consigned to various contract manufacturers for assembly or are shipped directly to our customers.  During the assembly process, our die or ASIC is either combined with other components to complete the module for our custom human experience solution or the ASIC is maintained as a standalone finished good.  The finished assembled product is subsequently shipped directly to our customers or by our contract manufacturers directly to our customers for integration into their products.

We believe our third-party manufacturing strategy provides a scalable business model, enables us to concentrate on our core competencies of research and development, technological advances, and product design and engineering, and reduces our capital investment.  

Our third-party contract manufacturers and semiconductor fabricators are predominately Asia-based organizations. We generally provide our contract manufacturers with six-month rolling forecasts of our production requirements.  As a result of recent supply constraints and capacity shortages affecting the global semiconductor industry, we have entered into long-term capacity and pricing agreements with some suppliers.  Our reliance on these parties exposes us to vulnerability owing to our dependence on a few sources of supply.  We believe, however, that other sources of supply are available.  In some cases, we have alternative sources of suppliers to mitigate supplier risk; however, in the current environment, all of them could be constrained.  We may establish relationships with other contract manufacturers in order to reduce our dependence on any one source of supply.

Periodically, we purchase inventory from our contract manufacturers when a customer delays its delivery schedule or cancels its order.  In those circumstances in which our customer has cancelled its order and we purchase inventory from our contract manufacturers, we consider a write-down to reduce the carrying value of the inventory purchased to its net realizable value. We charge write-downs to reduce the carrying value of obsolete, slow moving, and non-usable inventory to its net realizable value and charge such write-downs to cost of revenue.  We also record a liability and charge to cost of revenue for estimated losses on inventory we are obligated to purchase from our contract manufacturers when such losses become probable from customer delays or order cancellations.  In addition, the impact of entering into long-term capacity agreements could create significant inventory write-down if the end customer demand declines.

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Competition

IoT

Our SoC solutions enable new forms of media consumption and integrate video processing, far-field voice and linguistics processing products are sold into market segments that offer significant potential growth, ranging from home automation applications, smart assistant platforms, surveillance cameras, to STB/OTT platforms. The markets for STB/OTT products, surveillance cameras, home automation, and smart assistant solutions require strong technology innovation and deep systems and systems engineering expertise. Our principal competition in these markets include Broadcom, MediaTek, AmLogic, and Ambarella, among others.  

We provide voice processing silicon and software solutions for voice-enabled devices, consumer and commercial imaging, and next-generation audio applications. In addition to our voice solutions, we support the audio headphone and virtual reality/mixed reality head mounted display industry with universal serial bus-c, or USB-C, audio codec solutions for next generation wireless audio devices and wearables. Our competitors in the sale of audio products include Cirrus Logic, DSP Group, BES Technic, and Realtek.

Our wireless products for use in IoT application markets include our technologies such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi-Bluetooth combinations, and GPS/GNSS support our customers’ need to develop products which can wirelessly communicate to networks, remote control of edge-devices, machine-to-machine communication, among other purposes.  Our principal competition includes Infineon, Qualcomm, MediaTek, NXP, and Silicon Labs, among others.

Our automotive products include touch, display driver, and TDDI solutions for major automotive OEMs.  Our principal competitors for these products include Focaltech, Himax, and Microchip.  Our IoT video interface products are sold into PC and smartphone docks and wireless adapter market applications. Our principal competitors in the sale of IoT interface products are Parade, Megachips, and Realtek.  

We also provide fax, modem and print silicon and software solutions for printers, fax machines, point of sale terminals, and medical applications. Our principal competitors in these markets are Marvell and Qbit.

PC and Mobile

Our touch, display and fingerprint-based semiconductor products are sold into markets for PC product applications, mobile product applications, and other electronic devices.  The markets for touchscreen products are characterized by rapidly changing technology and intense competition.  Our principal competition in the sale of touchscreen products includes Samsung LSI, Broadcom, Goodix and various other companies involved in human experience semiconductor product solutions.  Our principal competitors in the sale of notebook touch pads are Cirque Corporation, Elan Microelectronics and Goodix.  Our principal competitors in the sale of display driver products for the PC and mobile product applications markets include Focaltech, Novatek Microelectronics, Samsung LSI and SiliconWorks.  Our principal competitors in the sale of fingerprint authentication solutions for PC product applications markets are Egis Technology, Elan Microelectronics, and Goodix.  

Corporate Social Responsibility

Synaptics strives to be a leading corporate citizen.  We uphold the most ethical standards in our business practices and policies, and we believe that sustainable corporate practices and consistent attention to social and governance priorities will help enhance long-term value for our stockholders. Our Board of Directors is responsible for overseeing our environmental, social, and governance policies and practices.  With guidance from the Board of Directors, our management team applies an integrated methodology to financial matters, corporate governance, and corporate responsibility, leading to increased accountability, better decision making and ultimately creating better long-term value. This focus on environmental, social and governance factors influences everything we do.

Environmental

We have implemented internal green programs and initiatives to reinforce our commitment to minimizing natural resource consumption, improving sustainability, disposing of end-of-life products in an environmentally safe manner, reducing waste, and increasing reuse and recycling programs company-wide.  For example, our headquarters uses 100% renewable energy sources, and we follow the European Union’s rules regarding the Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the design and manufacture of all our products.  

Social

Our employees and communities are the heart of our company, and we take pride in our social responsibility to them as well becoming better global citizens. We support our local communities through charitable causes and events, and we have

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numerous programs in place around the world that promote our commitments to diversity, equality of opportunity, non-discrimination, and the highest standards of human rights.  We are committed to the use of a socially responsible supply chain.  Our efforts include maintaining a supplier policy that bars the use of forced or child labor and governs the use and distribution of conflict minerals. 

Governance

We are dedicated to supporting leading corporate governance and board practices to ensure oversight accountability and transparency in our business practices. We place a high value on ethical actions, individual integrity, and fair dealing in every aspect of what we do.

 

Accountability

Our Board of Directors and management are strongly committed to our corporate responsibility policies and will continue to regularly evaluate these policies to ensure an effective outcome and strict adherence by our employees, suppliers, vendors, and partners.  We actively monitor and audit our internal compliance with our Code of Conduct and other corporate social responsibility policies and programs.

Human Capital

Our company has been built on the collective contributions from people of many countries, religions, and ethnic backgrounds. People are our most critical asset and our success depends on them. We want to attract, develop, and retain the world’s best talent.

Competition for talent in our industry is extremely intense. Our human resource strategy and programs are focused on attracting, engaging, and retaining this talent.

Our Board of Directors and Board committees provide oversight on certain human capital matters. The Audit Committee provides oversight of business risks and our company’s Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, both of which have relevance for human capital. The Nominations and Corporate Governance Committee has oversight for environment, social, and governance strategy, which includes talent attraction and retention and inclusion and diversity. The Compensation Committee provides oversight of our overall compensation philosophy, policies, and programs, and assesses whether our compensation establishes appropriate incentives for executive officers and employees

As of June 26, 2021, we employed 1,463 employees. We have employees in North America, Asia/Pacific and Europe which represent approximately 27%, 62% and 11%, respectively, of our employee population as of June 26, 2021.

Competitive Compensation and Benefits

We provide competitive compensation, benefits, and wellness offerings to our employees. We have a strong pay for performance philosophy. We align executive compensation with our corporate strategies, business objectives and the creation of long-term value for our stockholders without encouraging unnecessary or excessive risk-taking.

Engagement and Development

We strive to create exceptional employee experiences. Our focus is on creating a space for employees to do their best work and feel valued and engaged. We also provide opportunities for employees to connect and use their time, talent, and resources to enhance the communities where we live and work. We have created multiple channels of communication between our Chief Executive Officer, or CEO, and our employees. We gather insights into successes, challenges, solutions to problems and what is top of mind for employees across the business through formal and informal channels.

Employees have various opportunities to learn though technical, compliance and other professional trainings.  We offer career advancement opportunities to employees at Synaptics and are focused on leadership development.

Inclusion & Diversity

We believe that diverse teams are more innovative and productive. Our goal is to cultivate an environment that not only allows for, but also encourages, everyone to collaborate and participate equally to foster individual and company growth.  

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Information about our Executive Officers

The following table sets forth certain information regarding our executive officers as of August 13, 2021:

 

Name

 

 

Age

 

Position

Michael Hurlston

 

54

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

Dean Butler

 

39

 

Chief Financial Officer

Saleel Awsare

 

56

 

Senior Vice President and General Manager, PC & Peripherals Division

John McFarland

 

54

 

Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Craig Stein

 

54

 

Senior Vice President and General Manager, Mobile and IoT Divisions

Michael Hurlston has been the President and Chief Executive Officer of our company since August 19, 2019. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Hurlston served as the Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of Finisar Corporation (“Finisar”) from January 2018 to August 2019. Prior to joining Finisar, he served as Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Mobile Connectivity Products/Wireless Communications and Connectivity Division and held senior leadership positions in sales, marketing, and general management at Broadcom Limited (“Broadcom”) and its predecessor corporation from November 2001 through October 2017. Prior to joining Broadcom in 2001, Mr. Hurlston held senior marketing and engineering positions at Oren Semiconductor, Inc., Avasem, Integrated Circuit Systems, Micro Power Systems, Exar and IC Works from 1991 until 2001. Mr. Hurlston is a member of the board of directors of Flex Ltd. Mr. Hurlston serves on the Board of Executive Trustees of the UC Davis Foundation and on the Dean’s Executive Committee for the College of Engineering and the Dean’s Advisory Counsel for the Graduate School of Management at the University of California, Davis. Mr. Hurlston holds Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of California, Davis.

Dean Butler has been the Chief Financial Officer of our company since October 21, 2019. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Butler served as Vice President of Finance at Marvell Technology Group Ltd. (“Marvell”) from July 2016 to October 2019. Prior to joining Marvell, he served as Controller of the Ethernet Switching Division at Broadcom from January 2015 through July 2016. Prior to joining Broadcom, Mr. Butler held senior finance positions at Maxim Integrated from May 2007 to December 2014. Mr. Butler holds a Bachelor of Business Administration degree in Finance from the University of Minnesota Duluth.

Saleel Awsare has been the Senior Vice President and General Manager of our PC and Peripherals unit since July 2020. Previously, Saleel was the Senior Vice President and General Manager of our IoT Division from April 2019 to July 2020 and the Senior Vice President of Corporate Marketing & Investor Relations from December 2018 until April 2019. Prior to joining our company as Corporate Vice President and General Manager of Audio & Imaging Products in July 2017, he was President of Conexant Systems, LLC (“Conexant”) from March 2016 to July 2017, and Senior Vice President & General Manager of Audio & Imaging from April 2012 to March 2016. Synaptics acquired Conexant in July 2017. Prior to joining Conexant, Mr. Awsare served as President of Nuvoton Technology Corporation's (“Nuvoton”) U.S. operations and General Manager of Nuvoton’s audio and voice divisions from December 2008 to March 2012. Prior to joining Nuvoton, Mr. Awsare was the Executive Vice President and General Manager of mixed signal products for Winbond Electronics Corporation America (“Winbond”). Prior to joining Winbond, Mr. Awsare was a director of engineering for Information Storage Devices. Mr. Awsare is a member of the Board of Trustees of Stevens Institute of Technology. Mr. Awsare holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology and a Master of Science degree in Engineering Management from Santa Clara University.

John McFarland has been the Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of our company since November 2013. Prior to joining our company, Mr. McFarland served for nine years as the Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Magnachip Semiconductor. Mr. McFarland spent his early career at law firms in Palo Alto, California, and Seoul, Korea. Mr. McFarland holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Asian Studies, conferred with highest distinction from the University of Michigan, and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law.

Craig Stein has been the Senior Vice President and General Manager, Mobile & IoT Division since March 2021. Previously, Mr. Stein was the Senior Vice President of Product Development from September 2020 to March 2021. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Stein was Vice President & General Manager in the Data Center Products Group at Intel Corporation (“Intel”) and Head of Engineering & General Manager, Data Center Group from May 2016 to August 2018. Prior to joining Intel, Mr. Stein held key leadership positions at other semiconductor, technology, and transportation companies, including Chief Operating Officer and General Manager at Polara Engineering, Vice President of Research & Development at Knowles Corp., Director of Engineering at Broadcom, and Research & Development Manager at Hewlett Packard. Mr. Stein has five issued patents and five others pending. Mr. Stein holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical

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Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from San Jose State University.

 

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS

You should carefully consider the following factors, together with all the other information included in this report, in evaluating our company and our business.

Risks Related to Our Markets and Customers

We currently depend on our solutions for the Internet of Things (IoT), PC, and mobile product applications markets for a substantial portion of our revenue, and any downturn in sales of these products would adversely affect our business, revenue, operating results, and financial condition.

We currently depend on our solutions for the IoT, PC, and mobile product applications markets for a substantial portion of our revenue. Any downturn in sales of our products into any of these markets would adversely affect our business, revenue, operating results, and financial condition.  Similarly, a softening of demand in any of these markets, or a slowdown of growth in any of these markets because of changes in customer preferences, the emergence of applications not including our solutions, or other factors would cause our business, operating results, and financial position to suffer.

A significant portion of our sales comes from one or more large customers, the loss of which could harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.

Historically, we have relied on a limited number of customers for a substantial portion of our total revenue. If we lost key customers, or if key customers reduced or stopped placing orders for our high-volume products, our financial results could be adversely affected. Sales to three direct customers each accounted for 10% or more of our net revenue in fiscal 2021.  During fiscal 2021, we had three OEM customers that integrated our products into their products representing approximately 22%, 17% and 11% of our revenue; we sold to these customers primarily indirectly through multiple distributors. Significant reductions in sales to our largest customers, the loss of other major customers, or a general decrease in demand for our products within a short period of time could adversely affect our revenue, financial condition, and business.

We sell to contract manufacturers that serve our OEM customers.  Any material delay, cancellation, or reduction of orders from any one or more of these contract manufacturers or the OEMs they serve could harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.  The adverse effect could be more substantial if our other customers do not increase their orders or if we are unsuccessful in generating orders for our solutions with new customers.  Many of these contract manufacturers sell to the same OEMs, and therefore our concentration with certain OEMs may be higher than with any individual contract manufacturer.  Concentration in our customer base may make fluctuations in revenue and earnings more severe and make business planning more difficult.

We are exposed to industry downturns and cyclicality in our target markets that may result in fluctuations in our operating results.

The consumer electronics industry has experienced significant economic downturns at various times.  These downturns are characterized by diminished product demand, accelerated erosion of average selling prices, and production overcapacity.  In addition, the consumer electronics industry is cyclical in nature.  We seek to reduce our exposure to industry downturns and cyclicality by providing design and production services for leading companies in rapidly expanding industry segments.  We may, however, experience substantial period-to-period fluctuations in future operating results because of general industry conditions or events occurring in the general economy.

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We cannot assure you that our product solutions for new markets will be successful or that we will be able to continue to generate significant revenue from these markets.

Our product solutions may not be successful in new markets. Various target markets for our product solutions, such as IoT, may develop slower than anticipated or could utilize competing technologies.  The markets for certain of these products depend in part upon the continued development and deployment of wireless and other technologies, which may or may not address the needs of the users of these products.

Our ability to generate significant revenue from new markets will depend on various factors, including the following:

 

the development and growth of these markets;

 

the ability of our technologies and product solutions to address the needs of these markets, the price and performance requirements of OEMs, and the preferences of end users; and

 

our ability to provide OEMs with solutions that provide advantages in terms of size, power consumption, reliability, durability, performance, and value-added features compared with alternative solutions.

Many manufacturers of these products have well-established relationships with competitive suppliers.  Our ongoing success in these markets will require us to offer better performance alternatives to other solutions at competitive costs.  The failure of any of these target markets to develop as we expect, or our failure to serve these markets to a significant extent, will impede our sales growth and could result in substantially reduced earnings and a restructuring of our operations.  We cannot predict the size or growth rate of these markets or the market share we will achieve or maintain in these markets in the future.

If we fail to maintain and build relationships with our customers, or our customers’ products that utilize our solutions do not gain widespread market acceptance, our revenue may stagnate or decline.

We do not sell any products to end users and we do not control or influence the manufacture, promotion, distribution, or pricing of the products that incorporate our solutions.  Instead, we design various solutions that our OEM customers incorporate into their products, and we depend on such OEM customers to successfully manufacture and distribute products incorporating our solutions and to generate consumer demand through marketing and promotional activities.  As a result of this, our success depends almost entirely upon the widespread market acceptance of our OEM customers’ products that incorporate our solutions.  Even if our technologies successfully meet our customers' price and performance goals, our sales could decline or fail to develop if our customers do not achieve commercial success in selling their products that incorporate our solutions.

We must maintain our relationships with our existing customers and expand our relationships with OEMs in new markets. Our customers generally do not provide us with firm, long-term volume purchase commitments, opting instead to issue purchase orders that they can cancel, reduce, or delay, subject to certain limitations.  In order to meet the expectations of our customers, we must provide innovative solutions on a timely and cost-effective basis. This requires us to match our design and production capacity with customer demand, maintain satisfactory delivery schedules, and meet performance goals.  If we are unable to achieve these goals for any reason, our sales may decline or fail to develop, which would result in decreasing revenue.

In addition to maintaining and expanding our customer relationships, we must also identify areas of significant growth potential in other markets, establish relationships with OEMs in those markets, and assist those OEMs in developing products that incorporate our solutions.  Our failure to identify potential growth opportunities in the markets in which we operate, particularly in the IoT market, or our failure to establish and maintain relationships with OEMs in those markets, would prevent our business from growing in those markets.

Risks Related to Our Supply Chain

We depend on third parties to maintain satisfactory manufacturing yields and delivery schedules, and their inability to do so could increase our costs, disrupt our supply chain, and result in our inability to deliver our products, which would adversely affect our operating results.

We depend on our contract manufacturers and semiconductor fabricators to maintain high levels of productivity and satisfactory delivery schedules at manufacturing and assembly facilities located primarily in Asia.  We provide our contract manufacturers with six-month rolling forecasts of our production requirements.  We generally do not, however, have long-

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term agreements with our contract manufacturers that guarantee production capacity, prices, lead times, or delivery schedules.  In our fiscal year 2021, we faced manufacturing capacity constraints as a result of the supply constraints and capacity shortages affecting the global semiconductor industry that materially limited our ability to meet our customers’ demand forecasts, thereby limiting our potential revenue growth during the fiscal year. As a result of the supply shortages, we have entered into long-term capacity and pricing agreements with certain of our suppliers.  If end customer demand declines, these long-term capacity agreements could result in significant write-downs of inventory.  On occasion, customers require rapid increases in production, which can strain our resources and reduce our margins.  Although we have been able to obtain increased production capacity from our third-party contract manufacturers in the past, there is no guarantee that our contract manufacturers will be able to increase production capacity to enable us to meet our customer demands in the future.  Our contract manufacturers also serve other customers, a number of which have greater production requirements than we do.  As a result, our contract manufacturers could determine to prioritize production capacity for other customers or reduce or eliminate deliveries to us on short notice.

Qualifying new contract manufacturers, and specifically semiconductor foundries, is time consuming and might result in unforeseen manufacturing and operations problems. We may also encounter lower manufacturing yields and longer delivery schedules in commencing volume production of new products that we introduce, which could increase our costs or disrupt our supply of such products.  The loss of relationships with our contract manufacturers or assemblers, or their inability to conduct their manufacturing and assembly services for us as anticipated in terms of capacity, cost, quality, and timeliness could adversely affect our ability to fill customer orders in accordance with required delivery, quality, and performance requirements, and adversely affect our operating results.

Shortages of components and materials may delay or reduce our sales and increase our costs, thereby harming our operating results.

The inability to obtain sufficient quantities of components and other materials necessary for the production of our products could result in reduced or delayed sales or lost orders.  Many of the materials used in the production of our products are available only from a limited number of foreign suppliers, particularly suppliers located in Asia.  In most cases, neither we nor our contract manufacturers have long-term supply contracts with these suppliers.  As a result, we are subject to increased costs, supply interruptions, and difficulties in obtaining materials.  Our customers also may encounter difficulties or increased costs in obtaining the materials necessary to produce their products into which our product solutions are incorporated. Supply shortages in our fiscal year 2021 have resulted in increased product costs, not all of which we passed on to our customers. Future shortages of materials and components, including potential supply constraints of silicon, could cause delayed shipments and customer dissatisfaction, which may result in lower revenue.  

Risks Related to Product Development

We are subject to lengthy development periods and product acceptance cycles, which can result in development and engineering costs without any future revenue.

We provide solutions that are incorporated by OEMs into the products they sell.  OEMs make the determination during their product development programs whether to incorporate our solutions or pursue other alternatives.  This process requires us to make significant investments of time and resources in the design of solutions for our OEMs’ products well before our customers introduce their products incorporating our interface solutions into the market, and before we can be sure that we will generate any significant sales to our customers or even recover our investment.  During a customer’s entire product development process, we face the risk that our interfaces will fail to meet our customer’s technical, performance, or cost requirements, or that our products will be replaced by competitive products or alternative technological solutions.  Even if we complete our design process in a manner satisfactory to our customer, the customer may delay or terminate its product development efforts.  The occurrence of any of these events could cause sales to not materialize, be deferred, or be cancelled, which could adversely affect our operating results.

We face intense competition that could result in our losing or failing to gain market share and suffering reduced revenue.

We serve intensely competitive markets that are characterized by price erosion, rapid technological change, and competition from major domestic and international companies.  This intense competition could result in pricing pressures, lower sales, reduced margins, and lower market share.  Depressed economic conditions, a slowdown in the markets in which we operate, the emergence of new products not including our product solutions, rapid changes in the markets in which we operate, and competitive pressures may result in lower demand for our product solutions and reduced unit margins.

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Some of our competitors have greater market recognition, larger customer bases, and substantially greater financial, technical, marketing, distribution, and other resources than we possess and that afford them greater competitive advantages.  As a result, they may be able to devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of products, negotiate lower prices for raw materials and components, deliver competitive products at lower prices, and introduce new product solutions and respond to customer requirements more quickly than we can.  Our competitive position could suffer if one or more of our customers determine not to utilize our custom engineered, total solutions approach and instead, decide to design and manufacture their own interfaces, contract with our competitors, or use alternative technologies.

If we do not keep pace with technological innovations, our products may not remain competitive and our revenue and operating results may suffer.

We operate in rapidly changing, highly competitive markets.  Technological advances, the introduction of new products and new design techniques could adversely affect our business unless we are able to adapt to changing conditions.  Technological advances could render our solutions less competitive or obsolete, and we may not be able to respond effectively to the technological requirements of evolving markets.  Therefore, we may be required to expend substantial funds for and commit significant resources to enhancing and developing new technology, which may include purchasing advanced design tools and test equipment, hiring additional highly qualified engineering and other technical personnel, and continuing and expanding research and development activities on existing and potential solutions.

Our research and development efforts with respect to new technologies may not result in customer or market acceptance.  Some or all of those technologies may not successfully make the transition from the research and development stage to cost-effective production as a result of technology problems, competitive cost issues, yield problems, and other factors.  Even if we successfully complete a research and development effort with respect to a particular technology, our customers may decide not to introduce or may terminate products utilizing the technology for a variety of reasons, including difficulties with other suppliers of components for the products, superior technologies developed by our competitors and unfavorable comparisons of our solutions with these technologies, price considerations and lack of anticipated or actual market demand for the products.

Our business could be harmed if we are unable to develop and utilize new technologies that address the needs of our customers, or our competitors or customers develop and utilize new technologies more effectively or more quickly than we can.  Any investments made to enhance or develop new technologies that are not successful could have an adverse effect on our net revenue and operating results.

We may not be able to enhance our existing product solutions and develop new product solutions in a timely manner.

Our future operating results will depend to a significant extent on our ability to continue to provide new solutions that compare favorably with alternative solutions on the basis of time to introduction, cost, performance, and end user preferences.  Our success in maintaining existing customers, attracting new customers, and developing new business depends on various factors, including the following:

 

innovative development of new solutions for customer products;

 

utilization of advances in technology;

 

maintenance of quality standards;

 

performance advantages;

 

efficient and cost-effective solutions; and

 

timely completion of the design and introduction of new solutions.

Our inability to enhance our existing product solutions and develop new product solutions on a timely basis could harm our operating results and impede our growth.

If we become subject to product returns or claims resulting from defects in our products, we may incur significant costs resulting in a decrease in revenue.

We develop complex products in an evolving marketplace and generally warrant our products for a period of 12 months from the date of delivery.  Despite testing by us and our customers, defects may be found in existing or new products.  Manufacturing errors or product defects could result in a delay in recognition or loss of revenue, loss of market share, or

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failure to achieve market acceptance.  Additionally, defects could result in financial or other damages to our customers, causing us to incur significant warranty, support, and repair costs, and diverting the attention of our engineering personnel from key product development efforts.

We must finance the growth of our business and the development of new products, which could have an adverse effect on our operating results.

To remain competitive, we must continue to make significant investments in research and development, marketing, and business development.  Our failure to sufficiently increase our net revenue to offset these increased costs would adversely affect our operating results.

From time to time, we may seek additional equity or debt financing to provide for funds required to expand our business, including through acquisitions.  We cannot predict the timing or amount of any such requirements at this time.  If such financing is not available to us on satisfactory terms, we may be unable to expand our business or to develop new business at the rate desired and our operating results may suffer.  If obtained, the financing itself carries risks including the following:  (i) debt financing increases expenses and must be repaid regardless of operating results; and (ii) equity financing, including the issuance of convertible notes or additional shares in connection with acquisitions, could result in dilution to existing stockholders and could adversely affect the price of our common stock.

Risks Related to International Sales and Operations

Changes to import, export and economic sanction laws may expose us to liability, increase our costs and adversely affect our operating results.

As a global company headquartered in the U.S., we are subject to U.S. laws and regulations, including import, export, and economic sanction laws. These laws may include prohibitions on the sale or supply of certain products to embargoed or sanctioned countries, regions, governments, persons, and entities, may require an export license prior to the export of the controlled item, or may otherwise limit and restrict the export of certain products and technologies.  Many of our customers, suppliers and contract manufacturers are foreign companies or have significant foreign operations. The imposition of new or additional economic and trade sanctions against our major customers, suppliers or contract manufacturers could result in our inability to sell to, and generate revenue from such customer, supplier, or contract manufacturer. As a result of restrictive export laws, our customers may also develop their own solutions to replace our products or seek to obtain a greater supply of similar or substitute products from our competitors that are not subject to these restrictions, which could material and adversely affect our business and operating results.  

In addition, compliance with additional export regulations may result in increased costs to the company. Although we have an export compliance program, maintaining and adapting our export controls program to new and shifting regulations is expensive, time-consuming and requires significant management attention. Failure to comply with trade or economic sanctions could subject the company to legal liabilities and fines from the U.S. government. We must also comply with export restrictions and laws imposed by other countries affecting trade and investments. Although these restrictions and laws have not materially restricted our operations in the recent past, there is a significant risk that they could do so in the future, which would materially and adversely affect our business and operating results.

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Changes to international trade policy and rising concerns of international tariffs, including tariffs applied to goods traded between the U.S. and China, could materially and adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Many of the materials used in the production of our products are available only from a limited number of foreign suppliers, particularly suppliers located in Asia.  The imposition of tariffs against foreign imports of certain materials could make it more difficult or expensive for us or our OEMs to obtain sufficient quantities of components and other materials necessary for the production of our products or products which incorporate our product solutions.  Any interruptions to supply could result in delay or cancellation of our products, which could adversely affect our business and operating results.  

In addition, the institution of trade tariffs both globally and between the U.S. and China carry the risk that China’s overall economic condition may be negatively affected, which could affect our China operations, including the manufacturing operations on which we rely in China. Further, imposition of tariffs could cause a decrease in the sales of our products to customers located in China or to our OEMs selling to customers in China, which could impact our business, revenue, and operating results.

 

 

International sales and manufacturing risks could adversely affect our operating results.

Our manufacturing and assembly operations are primarily conducted in Taiwan, China, and Korea by contract manufacturers and semiconductor fabricators.  We have sales and logistics operations in Hong Kong, and sales and engineering design support operations in China, India, Japan, Korea, Poland, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the U.K.  These international operations expose us to various economic, political, regulatory, and other risks that could adversely affect our operations and operating results, including the following:

 

difficulties and costs of staffing and managing a multinational organization;

 

unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;

 

differing labor regulations;

 

differing environmental laws and regulations, including in response to climate change;

 

potentially adverse tax consequences;

 

possible employee turnover or labor unrest;

 

greater difficulty in collecting accounts receivable;

 

the burdens and costs of compliance with a variety of foreign laws;

 

the volatility of currency exchange rates;

 

potentially reduced protection for intellectual property rights;

 

political or economic instability in certain parts of the world; and

 

natural disasters, including earthquakes or tsunamis.

If any of these risks associated with international operations materialize, our operations could significantly increase in cost or be disrupted, which would negatively affect our revenue and operating results.

Our operating results could be adversely affected by fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar against foreign currencies.

We transact business predominantly in U.S. dollars, and we invoice and collect our sales in U.S. dollars.  A weakening of the U.S. dollar could cause our overseas vendors to require renegotiation of either the prices or currency we pay for their goods and services.  In the future, customers may negotiate pricing and make payments in non-U.S. currencies.  For fiscal 2021, approximately 13% of our costs were denominated in non-U.S. currencies, including British pounds, Canadian dollars, European Union euro, Hong Kong dollars, Indian rupee, New Taiwan dollars, Japanese yen, Korean won, Chinese yuan, Polish zloty, and Swiss francs.

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If our overseas vendors or customers require us to transact business in non-U.S. currencies, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could affect our cost of goods, operating expenses, and operating margins, and could result in exchange losses.  In addition, currency devaluation could result in a loss to us if we hold deposits of that currency.  Hedging foreign currencies can be difficult, especially if the currency is not freely traded.  We cannot predict the impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our operating results.  

Risks Related to Our Employees

We depend on key personnel who would be difficult to replace, and our business will likely be harmed if we lose their services or cannot hire additional qualified personnel.

Our success depends substantially on the efforts and abilities of our senior management and other key personnel.  The competition for qualified management and key personnel, especially engineers, is intense.  Although we maintain nondisclosure covenants with most of our key personnel, and our key executives have change of control severance agreements, we do not have employment agreements with many of them.  The loss of services of one or more of our key employees or the inability to hire, train, and retain key personnel, especially engineers and technical support personnel, and capable sales and customer-support employees outside the U.S., could delay the development and sale of our products, disrupt our business, and interfere with our ability to execute our business plan.

If we are unable to obtain stockholder approval of share-based compensation award programs or additional shares for such programs, we could be at a competitive disadvantage in the marketplace for qualified personnel or may be required to increase the cash element of our compensation program.

Competition for qualified personnel in our industry is extremely intense, particularly for engineering and other technical personnel.  Our compensation program, which includes cash and share-based compensation award components, has been instrumental in attracting, hiring, motivating, and retaining qualified personnel. Our success depends on our continued ability to use our share-based compensation programs to effectively compete for engineering and other technical personnel and professional talent without significantly increasing cash compensation costs.  In the future, if we are unable to obtain stockholder approval of our share-based compensation programs or additional shares for such programs, we could be at a competitive disadvantage in the marketplace for qualified personnel or we may be required to increase the cash elements of our compensation program to account for this disadvantage.

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

Our ability to compete successfully and continue growing as a company depends on our ability to adequately protect our proprietary technology and confidential information.

We protect our proprietary technology and confidential information through the use of patents, trade secrets, trademarks, copyrights, confidentiality agreements and other contractual provisions. The process of seeking patent protection is lengthy and expensive. Further, there can be no assurance that even if a patent is issued, that it will not be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented, or that the rights granted under the patents will provide us with meaningful protection or any commercial advantage.  Failure to obtain trademark registrations could compromise our ability to fully protect our trademarks and brands and could increase the risk of challenge from third parties to our use of our trademarks and brands. Effective intellectual property protection may be unavailable or limited in some foreign countries in which we operate. In particular, the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property in China, where we derive a significant portion of our net sales, and certain other countries where we derive net sales, are still evolving and historically, have not protected and may not protect in the future, intellectual property rights to the same extent as laws developed in the U.S.

We do not consistently rely on written agreements with our customers, suppliers, manufacturers, and other recipients of our technologies and products and therefore, some trade secret protection may be lost and our ability to enforce our intellectual property rights may be limited.  Confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements that are in place may not be adequate to protect our proprietary technologies or may be breached by other parties. Additionally, our customers, suppliers, manufacturers, and other recipients of our technologies and products may seek to use our technologies and products without appropriate limitations. In the past, we did not consistently require our employees and consultants to enter into confidentiality, employment, or proprietary information and invention assignment agreements.  Therefore, our former employees and consultants may try to claim some ownership interest in our technologies and products or may use our technologies and products competitively and without appropriate limitations. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or

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otherwise use aspects of our technologies and products that we regard as proprietary. Other companies, including our competitors, may independently develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technologies, duplicate our technologies, or design around our patents. If our intellectual property protection is insufficient to protect our intellectual property rights, we could face increased competition in the markets for our technologies and products.

We may pursue, and from time to time defend, litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, and to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others.  Litigation whether successful or unsuccessful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and operating results.

Any claims that our technologies infringe the intellectual property rights of third parties could result in significant costs and have a material adverse effect on our business.

We cannot be certain that our technologies and products do not and will not infringe issued patents or other third-party proprietary rights.  Any claims, with or without merit, could result in significant litigation costs and diversion of resources, including the attention of management, and could require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. There can be no assurance that such licenses could be obtained on commercially reasonable terms, if at all, or that the terms of any offered licenses would be acceptable to us.  We may also have to pay substantial damages to third parties or indemnify customers or licensees for damages they suffer if the products they purchase from us or the technology they license from us violates any third-party intellectual property rights. An adverse determination in a judicial or administrative proceeding, or a failure to obtain necessary licenses to use such third-party technology could prevent us from manufacturing, using, or selling certain of our products, and there is no guarantee that we will be able to develop or acquire alternate non-infringing technology.

In addition, we license certain technology used in and for our products from third parties.  These third-party licenses are granted with restrictions, and there can be no assurances that such third-party technology will remain available to us on commercially acceptable terms.

If third-party technology currently utilized in our products is no longer available to us on commercially acceptable terms, or if any third-party initiates litigation against us for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights, we may not be able to sell certain of our products and we could incur significant costs in defending against litigation or attempting to develop or acquire alternate non-infringing products, which would have an adverse effect on our operating results.

Risks Related to Acquisitions

Any acquisitions that we undertake could be difficult to integrate, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value, and harm our operating results.

We expect to continue to pursue opportunities to acquire other businesses and technologies in order to complement our current solutions, expand the breadth of our markets, enhance our technical capabilities, or otherwise create growth opportunities.  We cannot accurately predict the timing, size, and success of any currently planned or future acquisitions.  We may be unable to identify suitable acquisition candidates or to complete the acquisitions of candidates that we identify.  Increased competition for acquisition candidates or increased asking prices by acquisition candidates may increase purchase prices for acquisitions to levels beyond our financial capability or to levels that would not result in the returns required by our acquisition criteria.  Acquisitions may also become more difficult in the future as we or others acquire the most attractive candidates.  Unforeseen expenses, difficulties, and delays frequently encountered in connection with rapid expansion through acquisitions could inhibit our growth and negatively impact our operating results.  If we make any future acquisitions, we could issue stock that would dilute existing stockholders' percentage ownership, incur substantial debt, assume contingent liabilities, or experience higher operating expenses.

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We may be unable to effectively complete an integration of the management, operations, facilities, and accounting and information systems of acquired businesses with our own; efficiently manage, combine or restructure the operations of the acquired businesses with our operations; achieve our operating, growth, and performance goals for acquired businesses; achieve additional revenue as a result of our expanded operations; or achieve operating efficiencies or otherwise realize cost savings as a result of anticipated acquisition synergies.  The integration of acquired businesses involves numerous risks, including the following:

 

the potential disruption of our core business;

 

the potential strain on our financial and managerial controls, reporting systems and procedures;

 

potential unknown liabilities associated with the acquired business;

 

costs relating to liabilities which we agree to assume;

 

unanticipated costs associated with the acquisition;

 

diversion of management’s attention from our core business;

 

problems assimilating the purchased operations, technologies, or products;

 

risks associated with entering markets and businesses in which we have little or no prior experience;

 

failure of acquired businesses to achieve expected results;

 

adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;

 

failure to retain key customers, suppliers, or personnel of acquired businesses;

 

the risk of impairment charges related to potential write-downs of acquired assets; and

 

the potential inability to create uniform standards, controls, procedures, policies, and information systems.

We cannot assure you that we would be successful in overcoming problems encountered in connection with any acquisitions, and our inability to do so could disrupt our operations, result in goodwill or intangible asset impairment charges, and adversely affect our business.

Potential strategic alliances may not achieve their objectives, and the failure to do so could impede our growth.

We have entered, and we anticipate that we will continue to enter, into strategic alliances.  We continually explore strategic alliances designed to enhance or complement our technology or to work in conjunction with our technology; to provide necessary know-how, components, or supplies; and to develop, introduce, and distribute products utilizing our technology.  Certain strategic alliances may not achieve their intended objectives, and parties to our strategic alliances may not perform as contemplated.  The failure of these alliances to achieve their objectives may impede our ability to introduce new products and enter new markets.

We may incur material environmental liabilities as a result of prior operations at an acquired company.

 

In connection with our acquisition in July 2017 of Conexant Systems, we agreed to assume certain environmental liabilities, including remediation of environmental impacts at a property formerly owned and operated by Conexant (the “Conexant Site”) and for potential future claims alleging personal injury or property damage related to the environmental impacts at and about the Conexant Site. We continue to incur costs to investigate and remediate the Conexant Site’s environmental impacts, and we are at risk for future personal injury and property damage claims related to the Conexant Site.  Various federal, state, and local authorities regulate the release of hazardous substances into the environment and can impose substantial fines if our remediation efforts at or about the Conexant Site fail or are deemed inadequate.  In addition, changes in laws, regulations and enforcement policies, the discovery of previously unknown contamination at the Conexant Site, the implementation of new technology at the Conexant Site, or the establishment or imposition of stricter federal, state, or local cleanup standards or requirements with respect to the Conexant Site could require us to incur additional costs in the future that could have a negative effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

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Risks Factors Related to Our Indebtedness

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition or operating flexibility and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations outstanding under our credit agreement, our 4.000% senior notes due 2029, or the Senior Notes, and other indebtedness we may incur from time to time.

On March 11, 2021, we completed the offering of the Senior Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $400.0 million, with a corresponding amendment and restatement of our credit agreement, or as amended and supplemented, the Credit Agreement, with the lenders party thereto, or the Lenders, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, or the Administrative Agent, as administrative agent for the Lenders. The Senior Notes include a mandatory semi-annual payment of a 4.000% coupon.  We are permitted under the indenture governing our Senior Notes and the Credit Agreement to incur additional debt under certain conditions, including additional secured debt.  If new debt were to be incurred in the future, the related risks that we now face could intensify.

Our level of indebtedness could have important consequences on our future operations, including:

 

making it more difficult for us to satisfy our payment and other obligations under the Notes, the Credit Agreement, or our other outstanding debt from time to time;

 

risking an event of default if we fail to comply with the financial and other covenants contained in the Notes indenture or the Credit Agreement, which could result in the Senior Notes or any outstanding bank debt becoming immediately due and payable and could permit the lenders under the Credit Agreement to foreclose on the assets securing such bank debt;

 

subjecting us to the risk of increased sensitivity to interest rate increases on our debt with variable interest rates, including the debt that we may incur under the Credit Agreement;

 

the London interbank offered rate, or LIBOR, index is expected to be discontinued at the end of June 2023 and the replacement rate could be more volatile or more costly, resulting in a higher cost of borrowing under our Credit Agreement;

 

reducing the availability of our cash flows to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes, and limiting our ability to obtain additional financing for these purposes;

 

limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, and increasing our vulnerability to, changes in our business, the industry in which we operate and the general economy; and

 

placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt or are less leveraged.

Our business may not generate sufficient cash flow from operations and future borrowings may not be available to us under the Credit Agreement, the indenture governing the Senior Notes or otherwise in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our debt or to fund our other liquidity needs.

The covenants in the Credit Agreement impose restrictions that may limit our operating and financial flexibility.

The Credit Agreement includes certain covenants that limit (subject to certain exceptions) our ability to, among other things: (i) incur or guarantee additional indebtedness; (ii) incur or suffer to exist liens securing indebtedness; (iii) make investments; (iv) consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets; (v) sell assets; (vi) pay dividends or other distributions on, redeem or repurchase capital stock; (vii) enter into transactions with affiliates; (viii) amend, modify, prepay or redeem subordinated indebtedness; (ix) enter into certain restrictive agreements; and (x) engage in a new line of business. In addition, the Credit Agreement contains financial covenants that (i)  require the ratio of the amount of our consolidated total indebtedness to consolidated EBITDA to be less than certain maximum ratio levels, and (ii) require the ratio of the amount of our consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense to be greater than a certain minimum ratio level.

If we violate these covenants and are unable to obtain waivers, our debt under the Credit Agreement would be in default and could be accelerated, and could permit, in the case of secured debt, the lenders to foreclose on our assets securing the Credit Agreement. If the indebtedness is accelerated, we may not be able to repay our debt or borrow sufficient funds to refinance it. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms or on terms that are acceptable to us. If our debt is in default for any reason, our cash flows, results of operations or financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, complying with these covenants may also cause us to take actions that may

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make it more difficult for us to successfully execute our business strategy and compete against companies that are not subject to such restrictions.

General Risk Factors

Our business, results of operations and financial condition (including liquidity) and prospects may be materially and adversely affected by health epidemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Public health threats, such as COVID-19, influenza and other highly communicable diseases or viruses, outbreaks of which have from time to time occurred in various parts of the world in which we operate could adversely impact our operations, as well as the operations of our suppliers and customers. Any of these public health threats and related consequences could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

COVID-19 has spread rapidly and enveloped most of the world, causing a global public health crisis. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. Governments in affected countries continue to periodically impose travel bans, quarantines, and other emergency public health measures. In response to the virus, national and local governments in numerous countries around the world have implemented substantial lockdown measures. These restrictions, and prevention and mitigation measures, have had an adverse impact on global economic conditions, which could materially adversely affect our future operations. Uncertainties regarding the economic impact of the COVID-19 outbreak have resulted in market turmoil, which could also negatively impact our business, financial condition, and cash flows.

These measures have impacted and may further impact our workforce and operations, the operations of our customers, and those of our respective vendors, suppliers, and partners. The disruptions to our operations caused by the COVID-19 outbreak may result in inefficiencies, delays and additional costs in our product development, sales, marketing, and customer service efforts that we cannot fully mitigate through remote or other alternative work arrangements. Also, some suppliers of materials used in the production of our products may be located in areas more severely or repeatedly impacted by COVID-19 and its variants, which could limit our ability to obtain sufficient materials for our products. In addition, the severe global economic disruption caused by COVID-19 may cause our customers and end-users of our products to suffer significant economic hardship, which could result in decreased demand for our products in the future and materially adversely affect our business, operating results, financial condition (including liquidity) and prospects.

If we fail to manage our growth effectively, our infrastructure, management, and resources could be strained, our ability to effectively manage our business could be diminished, and our operating results could suffer.

The failure to manage our planned growth effectively could strain our resources, which would impede our ability to increase revenue.  We have increased the number of our solutions in the past and may plan to further expand the number and diversity of our solutions and their use in the future.  Our ability to manage our planned diversification and growth effectively will require us to:

 

successfully hire, train, retain, and motivate additional employees, including employees outside the U.S.;

 

efficiently plan, expand, or cost-effectively reduce our facilities to meet headcount requirements;

 

enhance our global operational, financial, and management infrastructure; and

 

expand our development and production capacity.

In connection with the expansion and diversification of our product and customer base, we may increase our personnel and make other expenditures to meet demand for our expanding product offerings, including offerings in the IoT market, the PC applications market, and the mobile product applications market.  Any increase in expenses or investments in infrastructure and facilities in anticipation of future orders that do not materialize would adversely affect our profitability.  Our customers also may require rapid increases in design and production services that place an excessive short-term burden on our resources and the resources of our contract manufacturers.  An inability to quickly expand our development, design or production capacity or an inability of our third-party manufacturers to quickly expand development, design, or production capacity to meet this customer demand could result in a decrease to our revenue or operating results. If we cannot manage our growth effectively, our business and operating results could suffer.

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We face risks associated with security breaches or cyberattacks.

We face risks associated with security breaches or cyberattacks of our computer systems or those of our third-party representatives, vendors, and service providers.  Although we have implemented security procedures and controls to address these threats, our systems may still be vulnerable to data theft, computer viruses, programming errors, ransomware, and other attacks by third parties, or similar disruptive problems.  If our systems, or systems owned by third parties affiliated with our company, were breached or attacked, the proprietary and confidential information of our company, our employees and our customers could be disclosed and we may be required to incur substantial costs and liabilities, including the following: liability for stolen assets or information; fines imposed on us by governmental authorities for failure to comply with privacy laws or for disclosure of any personally identifiable information as a part of such attack; costs of repairing damage to our systems; lost revenue and income resulting from any system downtime caused by such breach or attack; loss of competitive advantage if our proprietary information is obtained by competitors as a result of such breach or attack; increased costs of cyber security protection; costs of incentives we may be required to offer to our customers or business partners to retain their business; damage to our reputation; and expenses to rectify the consequences of the security breach or cyberattack.  In addition, any compromise of security from a security breach or cyberattack could deter customers or business partners from entering into transactions that involve providing confidential information to us.  As a result, any compromise to the security of our systems could have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation, financial condition, and operating results.

If tax laws change in the jurisdictions in which we do business or if we receive a material tax assessment in connection with an examination of our income tax returns, our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.

We are subject to U.S. federal, state, and foreign income taxes in the various jurisdictions in which we do business. In addition, we are required to pay U.S. federal taxes on the operating earnings of certain of our foreign subsidiaries. Our future effective tax rates and the value of our deferred tax assets could be adversely affected by changes in tax laws in the U.S. or in the foreign jurisdictions in which we operate. In addition, we are subject to the examination of our income tax returns by the tax authorities in the jurisdictions in which we do business. The calculation of tax liabilities involves significant judgment in estimating the impact of uncertainties in the application of highly complex tax laws.  Our results have in the past, and could in the future, include favorable and unfavorable adjustments to our estimated tax liabilities in the period a determination of such estimated tax liability is made or resolved, upon the filing of an amended return, upon a change in facts, circumstances, or interpretation, or upon the expiration of a statute of limitation.  While we believe we have adequately provided for reasonably foreseeable outcomes in connection with the resolution of income tax uncertainties, the resolution of these uncertainties in a manner inconsistent with our expectations could have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, result of operations, or cash flows.

We are subject to governmental laws, regulations and other legal obligations related to privacy and data protection.

We collect, use, and store personally identifiable information, or PII, as part of our business and operations.  We are subject to federal, state, and international laws relating to the collection, use, retention, security, and transfer of PII.  The legislative and regulatory framework for privacy and data protection issues worldwide is rapidly evolving and is likely to remain uncertain for the foreseeable future. The cost of complying with and implementing these privacy-related and data governance measures could be significant as they may create additional burdensome security, business process, business record or data localization requirements. The theft, loss or misuse of PII collected, used, stored or transferred by us, our any inability, or perceived inability, to adequately address privacy and data protection concerns, even if unfounded, or our failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations, policies, industry standards, contractual obligations or other legal obligations, could result in additional cost and liability to us, including litigation, which could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results, cash flows, and financial condition.

Our charter documents and Delaware law could make it more difficult for a third-party to acquire us and discourage a takeover.

Our certificate of incorporation and the Delaware General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of making more difficult or delaying attempts by others to obtain control of our company, even when such attempts may be in the best interests of our stockholders.  Our certificate of incorporation also authorizes our Board of Directors, without stockholder approval, to issue one or more series of preferred stock, which could have voting and conversion rights that adversely affect or dilute the voting power of the holders of our common stock.  Delaware law also imposes conditions on

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certain business combination transactions with “interested stockholders.”  Our certificate of incorporation divides our Board of Directors into three classes, with one class to stand for election each year for a three-year term after the election.  The classification of directors tends to discourage a third-party from initiating a proxy solicitation or otherwise attempting to obtain control of our company and may maintain the incumbency of our Board of Directors, as this structure generally increases the difficulty of, or may delay, replacing a majority of directors.  Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our Board of Directors to fill vacancies or newly created directorships.  A majority of the directors then in office may elect a successor to fill any vacancies or newly created directorships, thereby increasing the difficulty of, or delaying a third-party’s efforts in, replacing a majority of directors.

The market price of our common stock has been and may continue to be volatile.

The trading price of our common stock has been and may continue to be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, including the following:

 

variations in our quarterly results;

 

the financial guidance we may provide to the public, any changes in such guidance, or our failure to meet such guidance;

 

changes in financial estimates by industry or securities analysts or our failure to meet such estimates;

 

various market factors or perceived market factors, including rumors, whether or not correct, involving us, our customers, our suppliers, our competitors, or a potential acquisition of our company;

 

announcements of technological innovations by us, our competitors, or our customers;

 

introductions of new products or new pricing policies by us, our competitors, or our customers;

 

acquisitions or strategic alliances by us, our competitors, or our customers;

 

recruitment or departure of key personnel;

 

the gain or loss of significant orders;

 

the gain or loss of significant customers;

 

market conditions in our industry, the industries of our customers, and the economy as a whole;

 

short positions held by investors;

 

new federal and state laws and regulations affecting our industry; and

 

general financial market conditions or occurrences, including market volatility resulting from geopolitical risks, and rivalries, acts of war, terrorist attacks, cybersecurity attacks, health pandemics, financial market technological glitches and interruptions of trading activity.

In addition, stocks of technology companies have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that often have been unrelated or disproportionate to these companies’ operating performance.  Public announcements by technology companies concerning, among other things, their performance, accounting practices, or legal problems could cause the market price of our common stock to decline regardless of our actual operating performance.

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

Our principal executive offices, as well as our principal research and development, sales, marketing, and administrative functions, are located in San Jose, California, where we own and utilize approximately 161,000 square feet of facilities.  We also have research and development functions in leased offices in California, Georgia, and Massachusetts.  Our two Asia/Pacific principal offices are located in leased offices in Hong Kong and Japan, where we have sales, operations, and research and development functions.  We have leased facilities with logistics operations in Hong Kong and Japan, leased facilities with sales and support operations in China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Switzerland, and Taiwan, and leased facilities with engineering design support operations in China, India, Japan, Korea, Poland, Switzerland, Taiwan, the U.K. and California, U.S.

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ITEM 3.

We are party to various litigation matters and claims arising from time to time in the ordinary course of business.  While the results of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.  

For further information regarding current legal proceedings, see Note 7 Leases, Commitments and Contingencies to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

 

 

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PART II

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information on Common Stock

Our common stock has been listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (formerly the Nasdaq National Market) under the symbol "SYNA" since January 29, 2002.  Prior to that time, there was no public market for our common stock.  

Stockholders

As of August 13, 2021, there were approximately 120 holders of record of our common stock.  The closing price of our common stock as quoted on the Nasdaq Global Select Market as of August 13, 2021 was $172.93.

Dividends

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock.  We currently plan to retain all earnings to finance the growth of our business, make our debt payments, or purchase shares under our common stock repurchase program.  Payments of any cash dividends in the future will depend on our financial condition, operating results, and capital requirements, as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

Our Credit Agreement also places restrictions on the payment of any dividends.  For a further description of the terms of the Credit Agreement, see Note 6 Debt to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Stock-Based Compensation

For information on securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

From April 2005 through July 2021, our Board of Directors cumulatively authorized the repurchase of $1.8 billion for our common stock in our stock repurchase program, which expires in July 2025.  The remaining amount authorized for repurchase under our stock repurchase program was $577.4 million.  During the three-month period ended June 26, 2021, there were no repurchases under our stock repurchase program.

 

 

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Performance Graph

The following line graph compares cumulative total stockholder returns for the five years ended June 26, 2021 for (i) our common stock, (ii) the Nasdaq Composite Index and (iii) the Russell 2000 Index.  The graph assumes an investment of $100 on June 30, 2016.  The calculations of cumulative stockholder return on the Nasdaq Composite Index and the Russell 2000 Index include reinvestment of dividends.  The calculation of cumulative stockholder return on our common stock does not include reinvestment of dividends because we did not pay any dividends during the measurement period.  The historical performance shown is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

The performance graph above shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section.  The performance graph above will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing of our company under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act.


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ITEM 6.

RESERVED

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward-Looking Statements and Factors That May Affect Results

You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes contained elsewhere in this report.  This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions.  Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of factors, including those set forth elsewhere in this report and under Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Impact of COVID-19

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. In response to the outbreak, governmental authorities implemented numerous containment measures, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, and business restrictions and shutdowns, resulting in rapidly changing market and economic conditions. In certain countries in which we operate, governments took swift and effective measures to stem the spread, while in other countries in which we operate governments were slow to react or missed opportunities to effectively contain the spread. Although some of these restrictions and other containment measures have since been lifted or scaled back, ongoing surges of COVID-19 have resulted in the re-imposition of certain restrictions and containment measures and may lead to other restrictions being re-implemented in the future in response to efforts to reduce the rapid spread of COVID-19 and its variants.

The health and wellbeing of our workforce is our highest priority.  Many of our employees have worked from home since the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a pandemic in order to minimize the potential risk of spread of COVID-19 in our office environment.  As the broad roll out of vaccines continues in various countries in which we operate, many employees have returned to the office environment on a part- or full-time basis.  As more employees return to the office, we will continue to adhere to return to work protocols, based on guidance from local and global health organizations and applicable laws and regulations.

While the severity and duration of business disruption to our customers and suppliers due to the COVID-19 pandemic continues to remain uncertain, we expect that the ongoing global vaccination programs will moderate the overall severity and duration and remain cautiously optimistic the most significant impact has passed.  If more infectious COVID-19 variants become resistant to the existing vaccines, however, we could experience renewed and sustained business disruption.  To date, we have not incurred significant disruptions to our business or a materially negative impact on our condensed consolidated results of operations and financial condition from the COVID-19 outbreak, and continue to believe our business will not be severely impacted as steps continue to be taken globally to mitigate the spread, vaccinate large portions of the population and achieve herd immunity.

We will continue to evaluate the nature and scope of the impact to our business, consolidated results of operations, and financial condition and may take further actions altering our business operations and managing our costs and liquidity that we deem necessary or appropriate to respond to this fast moving and uncertain global health crisis and the resulting global economic consequences.

Overview

We are a leading worldwide developer and supplier of custom-designed semiconductor solutions that is changing the way humans engage with connected devices and data, engineering exceptional experiences throughout the home, at work, in the car and on the go. We believe our results to date reflect the combination of our customer focus and the strength of our intellectual property and our engineering know-how, which allow us to develop or engineer products that meet the demanding design specifications of our OEMs.

We recognize revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services.  All of our revenue, except an inconsequential amount, is recognized at a point in time, either on shipment or delivery of the product, depending on customer terms and conditions. For fiscal 2021, revenue from the IoT product applications market accounted for 43.4% of our net revenue, revenue from the PC product applications market accounted for 26.5% of our net revenue, and revenue from the mobile product applications market accounted for 30.2% of our net revenue.

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Many of our customers have manufacturing operations in China, and many of our OEM customers have established design centers in Asia. With our expanding global presence, including offices in China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Poland, Switzerland, Taiwan, the U.K., and the U.S., we are well positioned to provide local sales, operational, and engineering support services to our existing customers, as well as potential new customers, on a global basis.

Our manufacturing operations are based on a variable cost model in which we outsource all of our production requirements and generally drop ship our products directly to our customers from our contract manufacturers’ facilities, eliminating the need for significant capital expenditures and allowing us to minimize our investment in inventories. This approach requires us to work closely with our contract manufacturers and semiconductor fabricators to ensure adequate production capacity to meet our forecasted volume requirements. As a result of recent supply constraints and capacity shortages affecting the global semiconductor industry, we have entered into long-term capacity and pricing agreements with some suppliers. We use third-party wafer manufacturers to supply wafers and third-party packaging manufacturers to package our proprietary ASICs. In certain cases, we rely on a single source or a limited number of suppliers to provide other key components of our products. Our cost of revenue includes all costs associated with the production of our products, including materials; logistics; amortization of intangibles related to acquired developed technology; backlog; supplier arrangements; manufacturing, assembly, and test costs paid to third-party manufacturers; and related overhead costs associated with our indirect manufacturing operations personnel. Additionally, we charge all warranty costs, losses on inventory purchase obligations, and write-downs to reduce the carrying value of obsolete, slow moving, and non-usable inventory to net realizable value, to cost of revenue.

Our gross margin generally reflects the combination of the added value we bring to our OEM customers’ products by meeting their custom design requirements and the impact of our ongoing cost-improvement programs. These cost-improvement programs include reducing materials and component costs and implementing design and process improvements. Our newly introduced products may have lower margins than our more mature products, which have realized greater benefits associated with our ongoing cost-improvement programs. As a result, new product introductions may initially negatively impact our gross margin.

Our research and development expenses include costs for supplies and materials related to product development, as well as the engineering costs incurred to design ASICs and human experience solutions for OEM customers prior to and after our OEMs’ commitment to incorporate those solutions into their products. In addition, we expense in-process research and development projects acquired as part of a business acquisition, which have not yet reached technological feasibility, and which have no foreseeable alternative future use. We continue to commit to the technological and design innovation required to maintain our position in our existing markets, and to adapt our existing technologies or develop new technologies for new markets.

Selling, general, and administrative expenses include expenses related to sales, marketing, and administrative personnel; internal sales and outside sales representatives’ commissions; market and usability research; outside legal, accounting, and consulting costs; and other marketing and sales activities.

Acquired intangibles amortization, included in operating expenses, consists primarily of amortization of customer relationship and tradenames intangible assets recognized under the purchase method for business combinations.

Restructuring costs primarily reflect severance and facilities consolidation costs related to the restructuring of our operations to reduce operating expenses. These headcount and facilities related costs were in cost of revenue, research and development, and selling, general and administrative expenses. See Note 13 Restructuring Activities to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Gain on sale of audio technology assets includes the sale of limited audio technology intangible assets.  See below under “Divestiture”.

Gain on sale of assets includes the sale of our TDDI product line for LCD mobile displays.  See below under “Divestiture”.

Interest and other expense, net, primarily reflects interest expense on our Senior Notes, 0.50% convertible senior notes due in 2022, or Convertible Notes, and revolving line of credit as well as the amortization of debt issuance costs and discount on our convertible notes, partially offset by interest income earned on our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.

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Equity investment loss includes amortization of intangible assets reflected under the equity method of accounting in connection with our investment in OXi Technology Ltd. See Note 1 Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Acquisitions

DisplayLink

On July 17, 2020, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire all of the equity interests in DisplayLink Corporation, or DisplayLink, a leader in high-performance video compression technology. The acquisition closed on July 31, 2020. As of June 26, 2021, our purchase consideration was $444.0 million. The results of DisplayLink are included in our consolidated financial statements for the period from August 1, 2020 through June 26, 2021.  For further discussion of the DisplayLink acquisition, see Note 4 Acquisitions, Divestiture and Investment included in the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Broadcom

On July 2, 2020, we entered into definitive agreements with Broadcom to acquire certain assets and assume certain liabilities of, and obtain non-exclusive licenses relating to, Broadcom’s existing Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and GPS/GNSS products and business in the IoT market, or Broadcom Business Acquisition, for an aggregate consideration of $250 million in cash which closed on July 23, 2020.  We also entered into certain transition agreements with Broadcom for a period of three years. The results of the Broadcom Business Acquisition are included in our consolidated financial statements for the period from July 24, 2020 through June 26, 2021.  For further discussion of the Broadcom Business Acquisition, see Note 4 Acquisitions, Divestiture and Investment included in the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report.

Divestitures

In December 2020, we completed the sale of limited audio technology intangible assets, received a fully-paid up perpetual license back from the buyer and, as an element of the transaction, licensed other audio technology intangible assets to the buyer under a fully-paid up perpetual license arrangement.  Under the asset purchase agreement and the intellectual property license agreement, we received $35.0 million in cash.  The gain on the sale of the audio technology assets was $34.2 million.

In December 2019, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with a third-party to sell the assets of our TDDI product line for LCD mobile displays. We retained our automotive TDDI product line and our discrete touch and discrete display driver product lines supporting LCD and OLED for the mobile market. The assets sold under the asset purchase agreement had a carrying value of approximately $33.6 million as of the closing date of the transaction in April 2020 for cash consideration of $138.7 million.  The gain on sale of this business component was $105.1 million.

35


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, cost of revenue, inventories, product warranty, share-based compensation costs, provision for income taxes, deferred income tax asset valuation allowances, uncertain tax positions, tax contingencies, goodwill, intangible assets, investments, and contingencies.  We base our estimates on historical experience, applicable laws and regulations, and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

The methods, estimates, interpretations, and judgments we use in applying our most critical accounting policies can have a significant impact on the results that we report in our consolidated financial statements. The SEC considers an entity’s most critical accounting policies to be those policies that are both most important to the portrayal of the entity’s financial condition and results of operations and those that require the entity’s most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make assumptions and estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain.  We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition

Our revenue is primarily generated from the sale of ASIC chips, either directly to a customer or to a distributor. Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services. All of our revenue, except an inconsequential amount, is recognized at a point in time, either on shipment or delivery of the product, depending on customer terms and conditions. We generally warrant our products for a period of 12 months from the date of sale and estimate probable product warranty costs at the time we recognize revenue as the warranty is considered an assurance warranty and not a performance obligation. Non-product revenue is recognized over the same period of time such performance obligations are satisfied. We then select an appropriate method for measuring satisfaction of the performance obligations.

Revenue from sales to distributors is recognized upon shipment of the product to the distributors (sell-in basis). Master sales agreements are in place with certain customers, and these agreements typically contain terms and conditions with respect to payment, delivery, warranty, and supply. In the absence of a master sales agreement, we consider a customer's purchase order or our standard terms and conditions to be the contract with the customer.

Our pricing terms are negotiated independently, on a stand-alone basis. In determining the transaction price, we evaluate whether the price is subject to refund or adjustment to determine the net consideration which we expect to receive for the sale of such products. In limited situations, we make sales to certain customers under arrangements where we grant stock rotation rights, price protection and price allowances; variable consideration associated with these rights is expected to be inconsequential. These adjustments and incentives are accounted for as variable consideration, classified as other current liabilities under the new revenue standard and are shown as customer obligations within Other Accrued Liabilities as disclosed in Note 1 Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the consolidated financial statements contained elsewhere in this report. We estimate the amount of variable consideration for such arrangements based on the expected value to be provided to customers, and we do not believe that there will be significant changes to our estimates of variable consideration.  When incentives, stock rotation rights, price protection, volume discounts, or price allowances are applicable, they are estimated and recorded in the period the related revenue is recognized. Stock rotation reserves are based on historical return rates applied to distributor inventory subject to stock rotation rights and recorded as a reduction to revenue with a corresponding reduction to cost of goods sold for the estimated cost of inventory that is expected to be returned and recorded as prepaid expenses and other current assets.  In limited circumstances, we enter into volume-based tiered pricing arrangements and we estimate total unit volumes under such arrangement to determine the expected transaction price for the units expected to be transferred. Such arrangements are accounted for as contract liabilities within other accrued liabilities. Sales returns liabilities are recorded as refund liabilities within other accrued liabilities.

Our accounts receivable balance is from contracts with customers and represents our unconditional right to receive consideration from customers. Payments are generally due within three months of completion of the performance obligation and subsequent invoicing and, therefore, do not include significant financing components. To date, there have been no material impairment losses on accounts receivable.

36


We invoice customers and recognize all of our revenue, except an inconsequential amount, at a point in time, either on shipment or delivery of the product, depending on customer terms and conditions. We account for shipping and handling costs as fulfillment costs before the customer obtains control of the goods. We classify shipping and handling costs as fulfillment costs before the customer obtains control of the goods.  We continue to account for collection of all taxes on a net basis.  

We incur commission expense that is incremental to obtaining contracts with customers. Sales commissions (which are recorded in the selling, general and administrative expense line item in the consolidated statements of operations) are expensed when the product is shipped because such commissions are owed after shipment.

Inventory

We state our inventories at the lower of cost or net realizable value.  We base our assessment of the ultimate realization of inventories on our projections of future demand and market conditions.  Sudden declines in demand, rapid product improvements, or technological changes, or any combination of these factors can cause us to have excess or obsolete inventories.  On an ongoing basis, we review for estimated excess, obsolete, or unmarketable inventories and write down our inventories to their net realizable value based on our forecasts of future demand and market conditions.  If actual market conditions are less favorable than our forecasts, additional inventory write-downs may be required.  The following factors influence our estimates: changes to or cancellations of customer orders, unexpected or sudden decline in demand, rapid product improvements, technological advances, and termination or changes by our OEM customers of any product offerings incorporating our product solutions.

Periodically, we purchase inventory from our contract manufacturers when a customer delays its delivery schedule or cancels its order.  In those circumstances, we record a write-down, if necessary, to reduce the carrying value of the inventory purchased to its net realizable value.  The effect of these write-downs is to establish a new cost basis in the related inventory, which we do not subsequently write up.  We also record a liability and charge to cost of revenue for estimated losses on inventory we are obligated to purchase from our contract manufacturers when such losses become probable from customer delays, order cancellations, or other factors.

Business Combinations

We have applied significant estimates and judgments in order to determine the fair value of the identified assets acquired, liabilities assumed and goodwill recognized in connection with our business combinations to ensure the value of the assets and liabilities acquired are recognized at fair value as of the acquisition date. In measuring the fair value, we utilize valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach, or cost approach.

The valuation of the identifiable assets and liabilities includes assumptions made in performing the valuation, such as projected revenue, weighted average cost of capital, discount rates, estimated useful lives, and other relevant assessments. These assessments can be significantly affected by our estimates, judgments, and assumptions.  If actual results are not consistent with our estimates, judgments, or assumptions, or if additional or new information arises in the future that affects our fair value estimates, then adjustments to our initial fair value estimates may have a material impact to our purchase accounting or our results of operations.  If actual results are not consistent with our estimates, judgments, or assumptions, or if additional or new information arises in the future, beyond our one year measurement period, that affects our fair value estimates, then adjustments to our initial fair value estimates may have a material impact to our results of operations.

37


Results of Operations

The following sets forth certain of our consolidated statements of income data for fiscal 2021 and 2020 along with comparative information regarding the absolute and percentage changes in these amounts (in millions, except percentages):

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

IoT product applications

 

$

580.9

 

 

$

317.6

 

 

$

263.3

 

 

 

82.9

%

PC product applications

 

 

354.7

 

 

 

317.4

 

 

 

37.3

 

 

 

11.8

%

Mobile product applications

 

 

404.0

 

 

 

698.9

 

 

 

(294.9

)

 

 

(42.2

%)

Net revenue

 

 

1,339.6

 

 

 

1,333.9

 

 

 

5.7

 

 

 

0.4

%

Gross margin

 

 

611.2

 

 

 

543.1

 

 

 

68.1

 

 

 

12.5

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

313.4

 

 

 

302.5

 

 

 

10.9

 

 

 

3.6

%

Selling, general, and administrative

 

 

144.9

 

 

 

127.0

 

 

 

17.9

 

 

 

14.1

%

Acquired intangibles amortization

 

 

32.7

 

 

 

11.7

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

179.5

%

Restructuring costs

 

 

7.4

 

 

 

33.0

 

 

 

(25.6

)

 

 

(77.6

%)

Gain on sale of audio technology assets

 

 

(34.2

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(34.2

)

 

 

(100.0

%)

Operating income

 

 

147.0

 

 

 

68.9

 

 

 

78.1

 

 

 

113.4

%

Interest and other income, net

 

 

2.9

 

 

 

7.9

 

 

 

(5.0

)

 

 

(63.3

%)

Interest expense

 

 

(29.5

)

 

 

(22.5

)

 

 

(7.0

)

 

 

31.1

%

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

(0.3

)

 

 

 

 

 

(0.3

)

 

 

(100.0

%)

Gain on sale of assets

 

 

 

 

 

105.1

 

 

 

(105.1

)

 

 

(100.0

%)

Income before provision for income taxes

 

 

120.1

 

 

 

159.4

 

 

 

(39.3

)

 

 

(24.7

%)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

31.4

 

 

 

38.6

 

 

 

(7.2

)

 

 

(18.7

%)

Equity investment loss

 

 

(9.1

)

 

 

(2.0

)

 

 

(7.1

)

 

 

355.0

%

Net income

 

$

79.6

 

 

$

118.8

 

 

$

(39.2

)

 

 

(33.0

%)

 

 

The following sets forth certain of our consolidated statements of operations data as a percentage of net revenues for fiscal 2021 and 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Percentage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Point

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

(Decrease)

 

IoT product applications

 

 

43.3

%

 

 

23.8

%

 

 

19.5

%

PC product applications

 

 

26.5

%

 

 

23.8

%

 

 

2.7

%

Mobile product applications

 

 

30.2

%

 

 

52.4

%

 

 

(22.2

%)

Net revenue

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

 

45.6

%

 

 

40.7

%

 

 

4.9

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

23.4

%

 

 

22.7

%

 

 

0.7

%

Selling, general, and administrative

 

 

10.8

%

 

 

9.5

%

 

 

1.3

%

Acquired intangibles amortization

 

 

2.4

%

 

 

0.9

%

 

 

1.5

%

Restructuring costs

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

2.5

%

 

 

(1.9

%)

Gain on sale of audio technology assets

 

 

(2.6

%)

 

 

0.0

%

 

 

(2.6

%)

Operating income

 

 

11.0

%

 

 

5.2

%

 

 

5.8

%

Interest and other income, net

 

 

0.2

%

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

(0.4

%)

Interest expense

 

 

(2.2

%)

 

 

(1.7

%)

 

 

(0.5

%)

Gain on sale of assets

 

 

0.0

%

 

 

7.9

%

 

 

(7.9

%)

Income before provision for income taxes